Question 20

Give the truth table and circuit symbol for NAND gate.

Answer

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- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:- The work function of caesium metal is 2.14 eV. When light of frequency 6 ×10
^{14}Hz is incident on the metal surface, photoemission of electrons occurs. What is the(a) maximum kinetic energy of the emitted electrons,

(b) Stopping potential, and

(c) maximum speed of the emitted photoelectrons?

">The work function of caesium metal is 2.14 eV. When light of frequency 6 ×10

^{14}Hz is incident on the metal surface, photoemission of electrons occurs. What is the(a) maximum kinetic energy of the emitted electrons,

(b) Stopping potential, and

(c) maximum speed of the emitted photoelectrons?

- Q:-
A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF (1pF = 10

^{-12}F). What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half, and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant 6? - Q:-
Consider a uniform electric field E = 3 × 10

^{3}îN/C.(a) What is the flux of this field through a square of 10 cm on a side whose plane is parallel to the yz plane?

(b) What is the flux through the same square if the normal to its plane makes a 60° angle with the x-axis?

- Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
A spherical conducting shell of inner radius r1 and outer radius r2 has a charge Q.

(a) A charge q is placed at the centre of the shell. What is the surface charge density on the inner and outer surfaces of the shell?

(b) Is the electric field inside a cavity (with no charge) zero, even if the shell is not spherical, but has any irregular shape? Explain.

- Q:-
Monochromatic light of wavelength 589 nm is incident from air on a water surface. What are the wavelength, frequency and speed of

(a) reflected, and

(b) refracted light? Refractive index of water is 1.33. - Q:- A p-n photodiode is fabricated from a semiconductor with band gap of 2.8 eV. Can it detect a wavelength of 6000 nm?">
A p-n photodiode is fabricated from a semiconductor with band gap of 2.8 eV. Can it detect a wavelength of 6000 nm?

- Q:- A beam of light consisting of two wavelengths, 650 nm and 520 nm, is used to obtain interference fringes in a Young’s double-slit experiment.
(a) Find the distance of the third bright fringe on the screen from the central maximum for wavelength 650 nm.

(b) What is the least distance from the central maximum where the bright fringes due to both the wavelengths coincide?

">A beam of light consisting of two wavelengths, 650 nm and 520 nm, is used to obtain interference fringes in a Young’s double-slit experiment.

(a) Find the distance of the third bright fringe on the screen from the central maximum for wavelength 650 nm.

(b) What is the least distance from the central maximum where the bright fringes due to both the wavelengths coincide?

- Q:- ">
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A 4 µF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply, and is connected to another uncharged 2 µF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy of the first capacitor is lost in the form of heat and electromagnetic radiation?

- Q:- A circular coil of wire consisting of 100 turns, each of radius 8.0 cm carries a current of 0.40 A. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field B at the centre of the coil?
- Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero. - Q:- A beam of light consisting of two wavelengths, 650 nm and 520 nm, is used to obtain interference fringes in a Young’s double-slit experiment.
(a) Find the distance of the third bright fringe on the screen from the central maximum for wavelength 650 nm.

(b) What is the least distance from the central maximum where the bright fringes due to both the wavelengths coincide?

">A beam of light consisting of two wavelengths, 650 nm and 520 nm, is used to obtain interference fringes in a Young’s double-slit experiment.

- Q:- In a double-slit experiment the angular width of a fringe is found to be 0.2° on a screen placed 1 m away. The wavelength of light used is 600 nm. What will be the angular width of the fringe if the entire experimental apparatus is immersed in water? Take refractive index of water to be 4/3.">
In a double-slit experiment the angular width of a fringe is found to be 0.2° on a screen placed 1 m away. The wavelength of light used is 600 nm. What will be the angular width of the fringe if the entire experimental apparatus is immersed in water? Take refractive index of water to be 4/3.

- Q:- Two towers on top of two hills are 40 km apart. The line joining them passes 50 m above a hill halfway between the towers. What is the longest wavelength of radio waves, which can be sent between the towers without appreciable diffraction effects?">
Two towers on top of two hills are 40 km apart. The line joining them passes 50 m above a hill halfway between the towers. What is the longest wavelength of radio waves, which can be sent between the towers without appreciable diffraction effects?

- Q:-
The plates of a parallel plate capacitor have an area of 90 cm

^{2}each and are separated by 2.5 mm. The capacitor is charged by connecting it to a 400 V supply.(a) How much electrostatic energy is stored by the capacitor?

(b) View this energy as stored in the electrostatic field between the plates, and obtain the energy per unit volume

*u*. Hence arrive at a relation between*u*and the magnitude of electric field*E*between the plates. - Q:-
that the capacitance of a spherical capacitor is given by

where

">*r*1 and*r*2 are the radii of outer and inner spheres, respectively.A spherical capacitor consists of two concentric spherical conductors, held in position by suitable insulating supports (Figure). Show

that the capacitance of a spherical capacitor is given by

where

*r*1 and*r*2 are the radii of outer and inner spheres, respectively. - Q:- The work function of caesium metal is 2.14 eV. When light of frequency 6 ×10
^{14}Hz is incident on the metal surface, photoemission of electrons occurs. What is the(a) maximum kinetic energy of the emitted electrons,

(b) Stopping potential, and

(c) maximum speed of the emitted photoelectrons?

">The work function of caesium metal is 2.14 eV. When light of frequency 6 ×10

^{14}Hz is incident on the metal surface, photoemission of electrons occurs. What is the(a) maximum kinetic energy of the emitted electrons,

(b) Stopping potential, and

(c) maximum speed of the emitted photoelectrons?

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