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Question 11

Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal.

Answer

The arrangement of various taxa in a hierarchical order is called taxonomic hierarchy.

In this hierarchy, species is present at the lowest level whereas kingdom is present at the highest level.

Kingdom

Phylum or division

Class

Order

Family

Genus

Species

A Taxonomic hierarchy

Classification of a plant

As an example, let us classify Solanum melongen a (Brinjal).

Kingdom – Plantae

Division – Angiospermae

Class – Dicotyledonae

Order – Solanales

Family – Solanaceae

Genus – Solanum

Species – melongen a

Classification of an animal

As an example, let us classify MAN

Kingdom – Animalia

Phylum – Chordata

Class – Mammalia

Order – Primate

Family – Hominidae

Genus – Homo

Species – Sapiens

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