# Chapter 1 Food: Where Does It Come From?

1. As like people, there is a lot of different kind of food which is taken or eaten in different regions of India.
2. The main source of food are plants and animals.
3. Generally we eat plant parts like root, fruits, seeds etc.
4. On the basis of feeding habits, animals are classified into three categories:
• Herbivore: The animals which feeds only green plants are known as herbivores. For example: cow, squirrel etc.
• Carnivore: The animals which eat flesh of other animals are called carnivore. For example: Lion, Tiger etc. and they are the top carnivores.
• Omnivore: The animals which eat plants as well as the flesh of other animals are called omnivore. For example: Dogs, cats etc.

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### Exercise 1 ( Page No. : 7 )

•  Q1 Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food? Ans: No, all living beings need different kind of food. As we see, some people eat rice, chapatti whereas some eat idli dosa etc. People have different kind of feeding habitat according to their habitat, i.e. where they live. For example: lion (top predators) eats meat or flesh but on the other hand, cow eats grass; both have different kind of feeding habits. Q2 Name five plants and their parts that we eat. Ans: Five plants and their parts that have been eaten by us are as following: We get mustard oil from the mustard plants seeds that we use in the cooking. We get rice from the seeds of the rice plants. We get banana from the Banana tree and we eat this as fruit. We get carrot from the herb and eat this as an root- part of the herbs. We get tomato from the tomato herb and we consume or have this as fruit - part of the herbs. Q3 Match the items given in Column A with that in Column B Column A                                     Column B Milk, curd, paneer, ghee               eat other animals Spinach, cauliflower, carrot          eat plants and plant products Lions and tigers                            are vegetables Herbivores                                    are all animal products Ans: Column A                                                Column B                    Milk, Curd, paneer, ghee                                    are the animal products                                                                                                                                          Spinach, cauliflower, carrot                                 are vegetables                                                                                                                                                          Lions and tigers                                                 eat other animals                                                                                                                                                      Herbivores                                                         eat plants and plant products Animals are the main source of the food. We get milk, ghee from the animals and these are also the source of income for the people. Lions and tigers are the top carnivores and they feeds on other animals, are known as Carnivores. The animals which feeds only green plants are known as herbivores and are the second trophic level in the food chain. Q4 Fill up the blanks with the words given: herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore (a) Tiger is a ____________________ because it eats only meat. (b) Deer eats only plant products and so, is called ______________. (c) Parrot eats only _________________ products. (d) The ________________ that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product. (e) We get sugar from ___________________. Ans: (a) Carnivore                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The animals which feeds on the meat of other animals are known as carnivores. (b) Herbivores                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The animals which feeds only green plants are known as herbivores. (c) Plant                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Bird which feeds on plants are known as herbivores (birds can also be the part of carnivores trophic level). They feeds on seeds and helps in dispersal, feeds on nectar of the flower which helps in the pollination. (d)Milk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            We get milk from the animals and they are called animal products and they are the main source of food. (e) Sugarcane                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sugarcane is a plant. After cultivation, at the industrial land, we get sugar crystals and jaggery from the sugarcane.