Home NCERT Solutions NCERT Exemplar CBSE Sample Papers NCERT Books Class 12 Class 10
Question 16

Mention any two autosomal genetic disorders with their symptoms.

Answer

Two autosomal genetic disorders are as follows.

1. Sickle cell Anaemia

It is an autosomal linked recessive disorder, which is caused by point mutation in the beta-globin chain of haemoglobin pigment of the blood. The disease is characterized by sickle shaped red blood cells, which are formed due to the mutant haemoglobin molecule. The disease is controlled by HbA and HbS allele. The homozygous individuals with genotype, HbS HbS, show the symptoms of this disease while the heterozygous individuals with genotype, HbA HbS, are not affected. However, they act as carriers of the disease.



Symptoms

Rapid heart rate, breathlessness, delayed growth and puberty, jaundice, weakness, fever, excessive thirst, chest pain, and decreased fertility are the major symptoms of sickle cell anaemia disease.

(b) Down’s syndrome

It is an autosomal disorder that is caused by the trisomy of chromosome 21.

Symptoms

The individual is short statured with round head, open mouth, protruding tongue, short neck, slanting eyes, and broad short hands. The individual also shows retarded mental and physical growth.

8 Comment(s) on this Question

Write a Comment: