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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History covers all the questions given in the NCERT book. You can study and download these question and their solutions free from this page. These solutions are solved by our specialists at SaralStudy.com, that will assist all the students of respective boards, including CBSE, who follows NCERT; with tackling all the questions easily. We give chapter wise complete solutions for your straightforwardness.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History - III

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History - III covers all the questions given in the NCERT book. You can study and download these question and their solutions free from this page. These solutions are solved by our specialists at SaralStudy.com, that will assist all the students of respective boards, including CBSE, who follows NCERT; with tackling all the questions easily. We give chapter wise complete solutions for your straightforwardness.

  • Chapter 1 Colonialism and the Countryside

    Officials felt that agriculture, trade and the revenue resources of the state could all be developed by encouraging investment in agriculture. While many zamindars were facing a crisis at the end of the eighteenth century a group of rich peasants were consolidating their position in the villages. The fifth report was one such report produced by a select committee. The undergrowth that spread like a mat below the trees and the patches of grass that covered the lands left fallow provided pasture for cattle. He was inevitably critical of the lifestyles of forest dwellers and felt that forests had to be turned into agricultural lands.british cotton manufacturer had for long been worried about this dependence on American supplies.exports merchants and sahukars in Maharashtra were no longer keen on extending long term credit.but the moneylender now refused loans.

  • Chapter 2 Rebels and the Raj

    Everything and everybody connected with the white man became a part. British rule as one british officer noted collapsed like a house made of cards. Sepoys or their emissaries moved from one station to another. People were thus planning and talking about the rebellion. The british tried to explain to the sepoys that this was not the case but the rumour that the new cartridges were greased with the fat of cows and pigs spread like wildfire across the sepoy lines of north india. This perception was aggravated by the activities of Christian missionaries. Thus neither taluqdars nor peasants had any reasons to be happy with the annexation. The rebels wanted to restore that world. The skeletons strewn on the ground are meant to be a cold warning of the futility of rebellion. To the british public such paintings were reassuring.

  • Chapter 3 Colonial Cities

     Towns were often defined in opposition to rural areas. Towns by contract were populated with artisans, traders, administration and rulers. The relationship that he had with other groups and classes determined their place in society and in the town. Often people themselves refused to cooperate or gave evasive answers to the census officials. Railway towns like jamalpur, waltair and barely developed. But many people resented these attempts to change traditional patriarchal norms. It was here that the superiority of the british and the subordinate position of the Indian merchants was most apparent. A new black town developed  further to the north. they used their privileged position in government to acquire wealth. The history of town planning in Calcutta of course did not end with the building of fort William and the maidan. By the late nineteenth century official intervention in the city became more stringent. It was as if the grandeur of the cities had to reflect the authority of imperial power.

  • Chapter 4 Mahatma Gandhi and the Nationalist Movement

    He had been invited on account of his work in south africa, rather than his status within india. When his turn came to speak, Gandhiji charged the Indian elite with a lack of concern for the laboring poor. Our salvation can only come through the farmer. Where most other politicians talked down to them gandhiji appeared not just to like them but to understand them and relate to their lives. This progress of the salt march can also be traced from other sources: the American newsmagazine, true. The conference to London was inconclusive, so Gandhiji returned to India and resumed civil disobedience. The british responded with much force yet it took more than a year to suppress the rebellion. Early in 1946 fresh elections were held to the provincial legislatures. Nehru edited a collection of letters that were written to him during the national movement and published a bunch of old letters. The letters and reports written by policemen and other officials were secret at the time but now can be accessed in archives.

  • Chapter 5 Understanding Partition

     One late afternoon, when the hindu mob had been at its furious worst, my father discovered he was perhaps the only muslim youth of the village left alive. India haters in Pakistan and Pakistan haters in India both products of partition. Every myth in these constructions has been systematically critiqued by historians. They emphasise that the events of 1947 were intimately connected to the long history of hindu muslims conflict throughout medieval and modern times. Yes it would be incorrect to see partition as the outcome of a simple unfolding of communal tensions. In the untied provinces the muslim league wanted to form a joint government with the congress. Initially even muslim leaders did not seriously raise the demand for Pakistan as a sovereign state. People began realizing the folly of the violence they had unleashed on the city's muslims but it was only gandhiji martyrdom that finally ended this macabre drama of violence. This is significant because the histories that we read often regard the life and work of the mass of the people in the past as inaccessible or unimportant.

  • Chapter 6 Framing the Constitution

    The discussions within the constituent assembly were also influenced by the opinions expressed by the public. It was a momentous resolution that outlined the defining ideals of the constitution of independent India and provided the framework within which the work of constitution making was to proceed. Governments do not come into being by state papers. This demand for separate electorates provoked anger and dismay amongst most nationalists. It was a suicidal demand he argued that would permanently isolate the minorities, make them vulnerable and deprive them of any effective say within the government. As for the santhanam felt that the proposed allocation of powers would cripple them. The argument for greater power to the provinces provoked a strong reaction in the assembly. There was already a unitary system in place imposed by the colonial government. From the end of the nineteenth century, however, Hindustani as a language had been gradually changing. On this occasion peace in the house was restored through Jawaharlal Nehru intervention but the language issue continued to disrupt proceedings and agitate members over the subsequent three years.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History - II

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History - II covers all the questions given in the NCERT book. You can study and download these question and their solutions free from this page. These solutions are solved by our specialists at SaralStudy.com, that will assist all the students of respective boards, including CBSE, who follows NCERT; with tackling all the questions easily. We give chapter wise complete solutions for your straightforwardness.

  • Chapter 1 Through the Eyes of Travellers

    It was in ghazni that al - biruni developed an interest in India. Travel literature was already an accepted part of Arabic literature by the time he wrote. His account is often compared with that of marco polo who visited China from his home base in Venice in the late thirteenth century. When he returned the local ruler issued instructions that his stories be recorded. Francois bernier a Frenchman was a doctor political philosopher and historian. The sun cleanses the air and the salt in the sea prevents the water from becoming polluted. Indian textiles particularly cotton cloth fine muslins silks brocade and satin were in great demand. This was regarded as a stagnant system. When ibn buttuta reached sind he purchased horses camels and slaves as gifts for sultan Muhammad bin tughlaq.

  • Chapter 2 Bhakti-Sufi Traditions

    Such instances of integration are evident amongst goddess cults as well. However in spite of these obvious discrepancies the Vedas continued to be revered as authoritative. Her compositions were preserved within the nayanar tradition. Some historians point out that in north india this was the period when several rajput states emerged. This continued with the sixteenth century as well as in many of the regional states that emerged in the eighteenth century. He established rules for spiritual conduct and interaction between inmates as well as between laypersons and the master. Verses ascribed to kabir have been compiled in three distinct but overlapping traditions the message baba guru nanak is spelt out in his hymns and teachings.

  • Chapter 3 An Imperial Capital Vijayanagara

    The amara nayakas system was a major political innovation of the vijayanagara empire. However during the course of the seventeenth century many of these nayakas established independent kingdoms.one of the most prominent waterworks to be seen among the ruins is the hiriya canal. About thirty building complexes have been identified as places. Like some of the other structure in the royal centre it remains an enigma. A characteristic feature of the temple complexes is the chariot streets that extend from the temple gopuram in a straight line. They have also led to the recovery of traces of rods, paths, bazaars, etc.

  • Chapter 4 Peasants, Zamindars and the State

    Monsoons remained the backbone of Indian agriculture as they are even today. But there were crops which required additional water. Though agriculture was labour intensive peasants did use technologies that often harnessed cattle energy. Despite the abundance of cultivable land certain caste groups were assigned menial tasks and thus relegated to poverty. Another variant of this was a system where artisans and individual peasant households entered into a mutually negotiated system of remuneration for most of the goods for services. These were zamindars who were landed proprietors who also enjoyed certain social and economic privileges by virtue of their superior status in rural society. historians who have carefully studied the main point out that it is not without its problems.

  • Chapter 5 Kings and Chronicles

    These included effective methods of administration and taxation. Also the rulers wanted to ensure that there was an account of their rule for posterity. Artists from Iran also made their way to mughal india. The mughal emperors entered into a close relationship with sufis of the chishti silsila. On special occasions such as the anniversary of accession to the throne id, shab-I,barat and holi, the court was full of life. These reflect some tension and political rivalry arising from competing regional interests. The ill-prepared mughal garrison was defeated and had to surrender the fortress and the city of the safavids. He moved away from the orthodox Islamic ways of understanding religions towards a self-conceived eclectic form of divine worship focused on light and the sun.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History - I

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History - Themes in Indian History - I covers all the questions given in the NCERT book. You can study and download these question and their solutions free from this page. These solutions are solved by our specialists at SaralStudy.com, that will assist all the students of respective boards, including CBSE, who follows NCERT; with tackling all the questions easily. We give chapter wise complete solutions for your straightforwardness.

  • Chapter 1 Bricks, Beads and Bones

    The problem of archaeological interpretation is perhaps most evident in attempts to reconstruct religious practices. The frontiers of the harappan civilization have little or no connection with present – day national boundaries. Over the decades, new issues have assumed importance. A site like Harappa, which was not part of the itinerary of the Chinese pilgrims and was not known as an early historic city, did not fit very neatly within his framework of investigation.

  • Chapter 2 Kings, Farmers and Towns

    Some of the most momentous developments in Indian epigraphy took place in the 1830’s. This gave a new direction to investigations into early Indian political history as European and Indian scholars used inscription and texts composed in a variety of languages to reconstruct the lineages of major dynasties that had ruled the subcontinent. Asoka was the first ruler who inscribed his message to his subject and official on stone surface-natural rocks and pillars are often regarded as amongst the most valuable sources. From the sixth century BCE, land and river routes criss- crossed the subcontinent and extended in various direction overland into central asia and beyond and overseas from ports that dotted the coastline extending across the arabian sea to east and north Africa and west  asia and through the bay of Bengal to southeast asia and china.

  • Chapter 3 Kinship, Caste and Class

    For early societies historians can retrieve  information about  elite families fairly easily; it is however far more difficult to reconstruct the familial relationship of ordinary people. Historians usually classify the contents of the present text under two broad heads: sections that contain stories designed as the narrative and sections that contain prescriptions about social norms designated as didactic. Amongst other things the chief were patrons of bards and poets who sang their praise. They also rejected the idea of claims to status on the basis of birth. In other words social differences between men and women were sharpened because of the differences in access to resources.

  • Chapter 4 Thinkers, Beliefs and Buildings

    The Rigveda consists of hymns in praise of a variety  of deities, especially agni indra and soma. People also began speculating on the significance of the sacrificial tradition. For centuries manuscripts of these texts were carefully preserved in libraries attached to temples. He had a sheltered upbringing within the places insulated from the harsh realities of life. For the rest of his life he taught dhamma or the path of righteous living. The Buddha's followers came from many social groups. If that failed decisions were taken by a voice on the subject. These early scholars tried to make sense of what appeared to be strange images by comparing them with sculpture with which they were familiar, that from ancient Greece.