This page focuses on the detailed Quadratic Equations question answers for Class 10 Mathematics Quadratic Equations, addressing the question: 'The altitude of a right triangle is 7 cm less than its base. If the hypotenuse is 13 cm, find the other two sides.'. The solution provides a thorough breakdown of the question, highlighting key concepts and approaches to arrive at the correct answer. This easy-to-understand explanation will help students develop better problem-solving skills, reinforcing their understanding of the chapter and aiding in exam preparation.

Question 5

The altitude of a right triangle is 7 cm less than its base. If the hypotenuse is 13 cm, find the other two sides.

Answer

- Q:-
A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a particular day that the cost of production of each article (in rupees) was 3 more than twice the number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was Rs 90, find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article.

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Find the zeroes of the following quadratic polynomials and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.

(i) x

^{2}– 2x – 8 (ii) 4s^{2}– 4s + 1 (iii) 6x^{2}– 3 – 7x (iv) 4u^{2}+ 8u (v) t^{2 }– 15 (vi) 3x^{2 }– x – 4 - Q:-
Find two consecutive positive integers, sum of whose squares is 365.

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Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages.

The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48. - Q:-
Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.

- Q:-
Refer to Example 13. (i) Complete the following table:

(ii) A student argues that ‘there are 11 possible outcomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Therefore, each of them has a probability

Do you agree with this argument? Justify your answer.

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Find two numbers whose sum is 27 and product is 182.

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The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.

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Find the nature of the roots of the following quadratic equations. If the real roots exist, find them:

(i) 2x

^{2 }– 3x + 5 = 0 (iii) 2x^{2}– 6x + 3 = 0 - Q:-
Prove that 3 + 2√5 is irrational.

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Find the roots of the following equations:

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The difference of squares of two numbers is 180. The square of the smaller number is 8 times the larger number. Find the two numbers.

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Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages.

The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48. - Q:-
Use Euclid’s division algorithm to find the HCF of :

(i) 135 and 225 (ii) 196 and 38220 (iii) 867 and 255 - Q:-
A tangent PQ at a point P of a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre O at a point Q so that OQ = 12 cm. Length PQ is:

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Why is tossing a coin considered to be a fair way of deciding which team should get the ball at the beginning of a football game?

- Q:-
Represent the following situations in the form of quadratic equations :

(i) The area of a rectangular plot is 528 m^{2}. The length of the plot (in metres) is one more than twice its breadth. We need to find the length and breadth of the plot.(ii) The product of two consecutive positive integers is 306. We need to find the integers.

(iii) Rohan’s mother is 26 years older than him. The product of their ages (in years) 3 years from now will be 360. We would like to find Rohan’s present age.

(iv) A train travels a distance of 480 km at a uniform speed. If the speed had been 8 km/h less, then it would have taken 3 hours more to cover the same distance. We need to find the speed of the train. - Q:-
A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From another point 20 m away from this point on the line joing this point to the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30° (see Fig. 9.12). Find the height of the tower and the width of the canal.

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Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.

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Solve 2x + 3y = 11 and 2x – 4y = – 24 and hence find the value of ‘m’ for which y = mx + 3.

- NCERT Chapter