Question 3

Find gof and fog, if

(i)* f(x)* = | x | and *g(x)* = | 5x – 2 |

(ii) *f(x)* = 8x3 and *g(x)* = x^{1/3} .

Answer

(i)* f(x)* = | x | and *g(x)* = | 5x – 2 |

(ii)* f(x)* = 8x3 and *g(x)* = x^{1/3}

- Q:- Given an example of a relation. Which is

(i) Symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.

(ii) Transitive but neither reflexive nor symmetric.

(iii) Reflexive and symmetric but not transitive.

(iv) Reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

(v) Symmetric and transitive but not reflexive. - Q:- Determine whether each of the following relations are reflexive, symmetric and transitive:

(i) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3,13, 14} defined as

R = {(x, y): 3x − y = 0}

(ii) Relation R in the set N of natural numbers defined as

R = {(x, y): y = x + 5 and x < 4}

(iii) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(x, y): y is divisible by x}

(iv) Relation R in the set Z of all integers defined as

R = {(x, y): x − y is as integer}

(v) Relation R in the set A of human beings in a town at a particular time given by

(a) R = {(x, y): x and y work at the same place}

(b) R = {(x, y): x and y live in the same locality}

(c) R = {(x, y): x is exactly 7 cm taller than y}

(d) R = {(x, y): x is wife of y}

(e) R = {(x, y): x is father of y} - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set {1, 2, 3} given by R = {(1, 2), (2, 1)} is symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.
- Q:- Show that the relation R in the set R of real numbers, defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b
^{2}} is neither reflexive nor symmetric nor transitive. - Q:-
In each of the following cases, state whether the function is one-one, onto or bijective. Justify your answer.

(i)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 3 – 4x(ii)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 1 + x^{2 } - Q:- Let L be the set of all lines in XY plane and R be the relation in L defined as R = {(L1, L2): L1 is parallel to L2}. Show that R is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all lines related to the line y = 2x + 4.
- Q:-
Prove that the Greatest Integer Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = [x], is neither one-one nor onto, where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. - Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:- Check whether the relation R defined in the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(a, b): b = a + 1} is reflexive, symmetric or transitive. - Q:- Show that each of the relation R in the set A = { x ∈Z: 0≤x≤12}, A={x} given by

(i) R = { (a,b) : |a - b| is a multiple of 4}

(ii) R = {(a,b):a = b} is an equivalence relation.

Find the set of all elements related to 1 in each case.

- Q:-
Let f : R → R be defined as f(x) = x

^{4}. Choose the correct answer.(A)

*f*is one-one onto(B)

*f*is many-one onto(C)

*f*is one-one but not onto(D)

*f*is neither one-one nor onto. - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set A of points in a plane given by R = {(P, Q): distance of the point P from the origin is same as the distance of the point Q from the origin}, is an equivalence relation. Further, show that the set of all point related to a point P ≠ (0, 0) is the circle passing through P with origin as centre.
- Q:- Show that the relation R defined in the set A of all polygons as R = {(P1, P2): P1 and P2 have same number of sides}, is an equivalence relation. What is the set of all elements in A related to the right angle triangle T with sides 3, 4 and 5?
- Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:-
Let

*f*: X → Y be an invertible function. Show that*f*has unique inverse.(Hint: suppose g1 and g2 are two inverses of f. Then for all

*y ∈ Y, fog1(y) = 1Y(y) = fog2(y)*. Use one-one ness of*f*). - Q:- Integrals (ax + b)
^{2} - Q:- Show that the relation R defined in the set A of all triangles as R = {(T1, T2): T1 is similar to T2}, is equivalence relation. Consider three right angle triangles T1 with sides 3, 4, 5, T2 with sides 5, 12, 13 and T3 with sides 6, 8, 10. Which triangles among T1, T2 and T3 are related?
- Q:-
y = x

^{2}+ 2x + C**:**y^{'}- 2x - 2 = 0 - Q:-
Classify the following measures as scalars and vectors.

(i) 10 kg (ii) 2 metres north-west (iii) 40°

(iv) 40 watt (v) 10

^{–19}coulomb (vi) 20 m/s^{2} - Q:-
Show that

*f*: [–1, 1] → R, given by is one-one. Find the inverse of the function*f*: [–1, 1] → Range*f*.**(Hint: For***y*∈ Range*f*,*y*=, for some*x*in [ - 1, 1], i.e.,)

Dk
2018-08-05 13:44:06

Thanks

2018-05-23 18:29:50

Thank you!

Revathi
2018-04-29 23:26:03

Wow!such a wonderful facilities ð

Revathi
2018-04-29 23:25:19

Thank you

- NCERT Chapter

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