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Question 3

Describe how accounts are used to record information about the effects of transactions?

Answer

Every transaction is recorded in the original book of entry (journal) in order of their occurrence; however, if we want to know that how much we receive from our debtors or how much to pay to the creditors, it is not possible to determine at a single movement. Hence, we prepare accounts to know the position of business activities in the meantime.

There are some steps to record transactions in accounts; it can be easily understood with the help of an example.

Sold goods to Mr A worth Rs 50,000 on 12th April and received payment Rs 40,000 on 25th April. The following journal entries will be recorded:

 

Particulars

L.F.

Debit Amount

Rs

Credit Amount

Rs

Apr.12

A's A/c

Dr.

22

50,000

 

 

 

To Sales

 

18

 

50,000

 

(Goods sold on credit to Mr. A)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apr.25

Cash A/c

Dr.

13

40,000

 

 

 

To A's A/c

 

22

 

40,000

 

(Cash received from Mr. A)

 

 

 

 

Step 1− Locate the account in ledger, i.e., Mr A’s Account.

Step 2− Enter the date of transaction in the date column of the debit side of Mr A’s Account.



Step 3− In the ‘Particulars’ column of the debit side of Mr A’s Account, the name of corresponding account is to be written, i.e., ‘Sales’.

Step 4− Enter the page number of the ledger in the Journal Folio (J.F.) column of Mr A’s Account.

Step 5− Enter the amount in the ‘Amount’ column.

Step 6− Same steps are to be followed to post entries in the credit side of Mr A’s Account.

Step 7− After entering all the transactions for a particular period, balance the account by totalling both sides and write the difference in shorter side, as ‘Balance c/d’.

Step 8− Total of account is to be written on either sides.

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