Question 2

Suppose you are given a chance to repeat the alpha-particle scattering experiment using a thin sheet of solid hydrogen in place of the gold foil. (Hydrogen is a solid at temperatures below 14 K.) What results do you expect?

Answer

In the alpha-particle scattering experiment, if a thin sheet of solid hydrogen is used in place of a gold foil, then the scattering angle would not be large enough. This is because the mass of hydrogen (1.67 × 10 ^{−27} kg) is less than the mass of incident α−particles (6.64 × 10 ^{−27} kg). Thus, the mass of the scattering particle is more than the target nucleus (hydrogen).

As a result, the α−particles would not bounce back if solid hydrogen is used in the α-particle scattering experiment.

- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:- ">
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 x 10

^{-7}C and 3 x 10^{-7}C placed 30 cm apart in air? - Q:-
Consider a uniform electric field E = 3 × 10

^{3}îN/C.(a) What is the flux of this field through a square of 10 cm on a side whose plane is parallel to the yz plane?

(b) What is the flux through the same square if the normal to its plane makes a 60° angle with the x-axis?

- Q:-
Two point charges q

_{A}= 3 μC and q_{B}= −3 μC are located 20 cm apart in vacuum.(a) What is the electric field at the midpoint O of the line AB joining the two charges?

(b) If a negative test charge of magnitude 1.5 × 10

^{−9}C is placed at this point, what is the force experienced by the test charge? - Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

^{3}N/C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere? - Q:-
A uniformly charged conducting sphere of 2.4 m diameter has a surface charge density of 80.0 μC/m

^{2}.(a) Find the charge on the sphere.

(b) What is the total electric flux leaving the surface of the sphere?

- Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero. - Q:- A 100 Ω resistor is connected to a 220 V, 50 Hz ac supply.

(a) What is the rms value of current in the circuit?

(b) What is the net power consumed over a full cycle?

- Q:- A short bar magnet placed with its axis at 30º with a uniform externalmagnetic field of 0.25 T experiences a torque of magnitude equal to 4.5 x 10
^{-2}J. What is the magnitude of magnetic moment of the magnet?">A short bar magnet placed with its axis at 30º with a uniform externalmagnetic field of 0.25 T experiences a torque of magnitude equal to 4.5 x 10

^{-2}J. What is the magnitude of magnetic moment of the magnet? - Q:- ">
Determine the current in each branch of the network shown in figure

- Q:-
(a) Two insulated charged copper spheres A and B have their centers separated by a distance of 50 cm. What is the mutual force of electrostatic repulsion if the charge on each is 6.5 × 10

^{−7}C? The radii of A and B are negligible compared to the distance of separation.(b) What is the force of repulsion if each sphere is charged double the above amount, and the distance between them is halved?

- Q:- 2), would Gauss's law be still true?
(c) A small test charge is released at rest at a point in an electrostatic field configuration. Will it travel along the field line passing through that point?

(d) What is the work done by the field of a nucleus in a complete circular orbit of the electron? What if the orbit is elliptical?

(e) We know that electric field is discontinuous across the surface of a charged conductor. Is electric potential also discontinuous there?

(f) What meaning would you give to the capacitance of a single conductor?

(g) Guess a possible reason why water has a much greater dielectric constant (= 80) than say, mica (= 6).

">Answer carefully:

(a) Two large conducting spheres carrying charges Q

_{1}and Q_{2}are brought close to each other. Is the magnitude of electrostatic force between them exactly given by Q_{1}Q_{2}/4π∈_{0}r^{2}, where r is the distance between their centres?(b) If Coulomb's law involved 1/r

^{3}dependence (instead of 1/r^{2}), would Gauss's law be still true?(c) A small test charge is released at rest at a point in an electrostatic field configuration. Will it travel along the field line passing through that point?

(d) What is the work done by the field of a nucleus in a complete circular orbit of the electron? What if the orbit is elliptical?

(e) We know that electric field is discontinuous across the surface of a charged conductor. Is electric potential also discontinuous there?

(f) What meaning would you give to the capacitance of a single conductor?

(g) Guess a possible reason why water has a much greater dielectric constant (= 80) than say, mica (= 6).

- Q:-
Answer the following questions:

(a) A steady current flows in a metallic conductor of non-uniform cross- section. Which of these quantities is constant along the conductor: current, current density, electric field, drift speed?

(b) Is Ohm's law universally applicable for all conducting elements? If not, give examples of elements which do not obey Ohm's law.

(c) A low voltage supply from which one needs high currents must have very low internal resistance. Why?

(d) A high tension (HT) supply of, say, 6 kV must have a very large internal resistance. Why?

- Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:- ">
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A cube of side

*b*has a charge*q*at each of its vertices. Determine the potential and electric field due to this charge array at the centre of the cube. - Q:-
Two large, thin metal plates are parallel and close to each other. On their inner faces, the plates have surface charge densities of opposite signs and of magnitude 17.0 × 10

^{−22}C/m^{2}. What is E:(a) in the outer region of the first plate,

(b) in the outer region of the second plate, and

(c) between the plates?

- Q:-
Consider a uniform electric field E = 3 × 10

^{3}îN/C.(a) What is the flux of this field through a square of 10 cm on a side whose plane is parallel to the yz plane?

(b) What is the flux through the same square if the normal to its plane makes a 60° angle with the x-axis?

- NCERT Chapter

Copyright © 2020 saralstudy.com. All Rights Reserved.