Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela - Long Walk to Freedom

This chapter is an extract from the autobiography of Nelson Mandela (born- 18 July, 1918), the first Black President of South Africa. Excerpts from “Long Walk to Freedom” include description of the inauguration ceremony, citations from his speech, his journey to being a freedom fighter, the struggle, along with a tribute to other freedom fighters and countless other people who fought for their freedom.   In South Africa, a brutal practice named “apartheid” was followed. Apartheid refers to the discrimination between people on the basis of their race. It was one of the most brutal societies where dark-skinned people were deprived of their basic rights. This lesson gives us an overview as to how Nelson Mandela along with others, carved their way to a society where there will be no discrimination on the basis of their colour, caste, race, age or gender.


Download pdf of NCERT Solutions for Class English - First Flight Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela - Long Walk to Freedom

Exercise 1 ( Page No. : 18 )

Exercise 2 ( Page No. : 21 )

  • Q1 What did the military generals do ? How did their attitude change and why?

    Force was defended by the military generals of the South African and police admired and appreciated the loyalty of Nelson Mandela and their attitudes changed towards all the black citizens instead of arresting and beating them. Their attitudes changed  because of struggle and sacrifices of many heroes of South Africa which not only ensured the freedom of a nation struggling with apartheid, but also changed mindsets of many. He believed that love can also be taught and humanity is naturally inclined towards love instead of hate.

    Q2 Why were two national anthems sung?

    At the time of the inauguration, two national anthems were sung symbolizing the equality of blacks and whites.

    Q3 How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade of the twentieth century?

    (i) In the first decade of the century, whites made a system of racial domination against the blacks which created the basis of one of the harshest and most brutal societies that had ever known to the world.

    (ii) In the final decade of the 20th century, the existing system had been replaced by one which represented the rights and freedom of all citizens regardless of color of their skin.

    Q4 What does courage mean to Mandela?

    For Mandela courage means to be brave and not the absence of fear but victory over it . He considered men to be strong when they had the courage to overcome fear but did not want a condition where the men would become fearless in the society.

    Q5 Which does Mandela think is natural, to love or to hate?

    For Mandela, love is natural and in human nature rather than hate for others in the society.

Exercise 3 ( Page No. : 24 )

Exercise 4 ( Page No. : 24 )

Exercise 5 ( Page No. : 24 )