Question 5

Decentralisation is extending delegation to the lowest level. Comment.

Answer

Decentralisation is extending delegation to the lowest level. Decentralisation explains the manner, in which decision-making responsibilities are divided among hierarchical levels. Decentralisation refers to delegation of authority throughout all the levels of the organisation.



Decision-making authority is shared with lowest levels and is consequently placed nearest to the point of action.

In other words, decision-making authority is pushed down the chain of command. Delegation is the process and decentralisation is the end result. For example, if the director gives the responsibility to the production head to complete the target of 32000 units and authorises him to hire the workers, the production head further shares his responsibility with the manager to select the workers. And the manager shares his responsibility with supervisors, who are dealing with workers, authorises them to select workers. Here, the responsibility is distributed at every level. That’s why we say systematic delegation leads to decentralisation.

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