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Hindi Months Name: 12 Months of the Year in Hindi and English

All of us know the names of months in English because they are taught to us in school and also, in our homes, we use the English calendar. but the unhappy factor is that several people don't know the hindi months name

Hindi Months Name: All of us know the names of months in English because they are taught to us in school and also, in our homes, we use the English calendar. But do you know the Hindi names of these months? It doesn’t matter whether or not you’re a teacher, a student, or a standard person, no matter you’re, however, you use the month, year, week, etc. as a time unit. but the unhappy factor is that several people don’t know the hindi months name. Here, in this article, we will learn about the names of months in Hindi.

12 Months – English Months Name – Hindi Months Name

Months Name in English  Months Names in Hindi

(Hindu Calendar)

Months in Devanagari Pronunciation
January पौष – माघ जनवरी Janvari
February माघ – फाल्गुन फरवरी Pharvari
March फाल्गुन – चैत्र मार्च Maarch
April चैत्र- वैशाख अप्रैल Aprail
May वैशाख- ज्येष्ठ मई Mai
June ज्येष्ठ – आषाढ़ जून Joon
July आषाढ़- श्रावण जुलाई Julaayi
August श्रावण – भाद्रपद अगस्त Agast
September भाद्रपद – आश्विन सितम्बर Sitambar
October आश्विन – कार्तिक अक्टूबर Aktubar
November कार्तिक – मार्गशीर्ष (अगहन) नवम्बर Navambar
December मार्गशीर्ष – पौष दिसम्बर Disambar

Hindi (Hindu) Calendar

A calendar is generally used to organize days, this is done by giving the name to the period like days, weeks, months, and years. There are so many different types of calendars used around the globe in different communities and one of them is our Hindi Calendar which we also call it Hindu Calendar or Panchang or Panjika. This Panchang is a set of various lunisolar calendars which is used traditionally in Indian sub-continents and Southeast Asia. There is a major difference between the English calendar (the Gregorian calendar) and the Hindi calendar.

Features of the Hindu Calendar

The main features of the Hindu calendar are:

  1. This is a multi-dimensional calendar which means it offers a multi-dimensional way of structuring time, combining information about lunar days, solar days, lunar months, and solar months as well as the movement of the Sun and the Moon in relation to the settler constellation.
  2.  It consists of 12 lunar months as well as 12 solar months.
Lunar Months Solar (civil) Months
Chaitra Mīna
Vaisakha Meṣa
Jyeshtha Vṛṣabha
Ashadha Mithuna
Shraavana (Sawan) Karkaṭa
Bhadra (Bhado) Siṃha
Ashvin Kanyā
Kartik Tulā
Agahana (Margashirsha) Vṛścika
Pausha Dhanu
Magha Makara
Phalguna Kumbha
  1. Seasons within the Hindu (Hindi) calendar year start with a New Moon before the Sun enters the Zodiac sign of Aries (Meṣa).
  2. The Hindu calendar also tracks some more astronomical time spans like Nakshatra, Yoga, and Karana.
  3. The dates of many Hindu holidays are determined according to the lunisolar calendar which means that the festivals coincide with the Full Moon or a New Moon.
Seasons(Ritu) Months as per the Hindu Calendar Months (Gregorian calendar/English)
Vasanta (Spring) Chaitra – Vaisakha March-April
Grishma (Summer) Jyeshtha – Ashadha May – June
Varsha (Monsoon/Rainy) Shravana – Bhadra July – August
Sharada (Late Monsoon/Autumn) Ashvin – Kartik September – October
Hemanta (Early Winter) Margashirsha (Agrahayana or Agahan) – Pausha November – December
Shishira (Winter) Magha – Phalguna January – February

Cultural and Religious Significance of Each Month

Each month in the Hindu calendar has specific festivals, rituals, and cultural practices associated with it:

  • Chaitra (March-April): Marks the beginning of the Hindu New Year. Celebrated with festivals like Gudi Padwa and Ugadi.
  • Vaishakha (April-May): Known for Buddha Purnima, celebrating the birth of Lord Buddha.
  • Jyaistha (May-June): Includes Vat Savitri Vrat and Ganga Dussehra.
  • Asadha (June-July): Known for Rath Yatra and Guru Purnima.
  • Shravana (July-August): Features Shravan Maas, significant for Lord Shiva devotees.
  • Bhadrapada or Bhado (August-September): Celebrates Ganesh Chaturthi and Krishna Janmashtami.
  • Ashvina (September-October): Includes Navaratri and Dussehra.
  • Kartika (October-November): Known for Diwali, Chhath Puja and Kartik Purnima.
  • Margashirsha or Agahan(November-December): Associated with Gita Jayanti and Vivah Panchami.
  • Pausha (December-January): Marks Makar Sankranti.
  • Magha (January-February): Known for Vasant Panchami and Maha Shivaratri.
  • Phalguna (February-March): Features Holi and Maha Shivaratri.

Historical Evolution of Month Names

months name in hindi and english
Name of Months In English and Hindi

The names of the months in the Hindu calendar have evolved over centuries. They are derived from ancient Sanskrit and have been influenced by various dynasties and cultural shifts. Understanding these names offers insights into India’s historical and linguistic development.

Astrological Insights for Each Month

Each month has astrological significance, often aligned with specific zodiac signs:

  • Chaitra: Linked with Aries.
  • Vaishakha: Taurus.
  • Jyaistha: Gemini.
  • Asadha: Cancer.
  • Shravana (Sawan): Leo.
  • Bhadrapada (Bhado): Virgo.
  • Ashvina: Libra.
  • Kartika: Scorpio.
  • Margashirsha (Agahan): Sagittarius.
  • Pausha: Capricorn.
  • Magha: Aquarius.
  • Phalguna: Pisces.

These alignments influence various cultural practices and beliefs in Hindu tradition.

Practical Uses of the Hindu Calendar

The Hindu calendar is integral to daily life, particularly in rural India. It helps in planning agricultural activities, weddings, and other significant events. Farmers rely on the calendar to determine planting and harvesting times, while families use it to choose auspicious dates for weddings and religious ceremonies.

Common Terms and Phrases Related to the Months

  • Panchang: The Hindu calendar.
  • Amavasya: New moon day.
  • Purnima: Full moon day.
  • Sankranti: Transition of the sun from one zodiac sign to another.
  • Ekadashi: The eleventh day of the lunar fortnight, observed as a day of fasting.

Differences between Hindu and English Calendar

Below are the main differences between the Hindu and English calendars:

English Calendar Hindu Calendar
The Gregorian calendar (English Calendar) is based on the earth’s revolution around the sun.  The Hindu calendar is based on the Moon’s revolution around the earth. 
In this calendar, each month out of 12 months has 30 or 31 days except the month of February. February has 28 days normally. Every leap year Feb has 29 days. Whereas here there are only 30 days in every month. They add an extra full month after every 32-33 months by complex rules to cover the gap of previous days which is known as “Adhik Maas” or “Purushottam Maas”
According to this calendar, the year starts on 1 January The Hindu calendar begins in Chaitra (March-April). 
The name of the months according to this calendar are January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December.  Here the names are Chaitra, Vaisakha, Jyaistha, Asadha, Shravana, Bhadra, Ashwin, Kartika, Mārgasirsa (Agrahayana), Pausha, Magha, and Phalguna. 
As per this calendar, there are four seasons; summer, spring, winter, and autumn. Whereas here there are six seasons; Vasant Ritu (spring), Greeshma (summer), Varsha (monsoon), Sharad (autumn or late monsoon), Hemant (early winter), and Shishira (winter season) 
In this Calendar, the whole day is divided into 24 hours with 60 minutes in each hour.  Whereas according to this calendar, the day is divided into 15 muhurtas, each of which has 48 minutes and the night is similarly divided. 
In the Gregorian calendar, the days of the week are named after Roman gods, as well as the sun and moon.  In the Hindu calendar, each week has seven days and those are named for Hindu deities. Each day also corresponds with a separate planet. 

 

Understanding the months in Hindi and English, along with their cultural, religious, and astrological significance, enriches our appreciation of the Hindu calendar. This knowledge highlights the calendar’s integral role in Indian tradition, guiding daily life and cultural practices.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. From which month does the Hindi Calendar start?

Ans. Hindi Calendar starts from Chaitra month (March-April).

Read Also: National Calendar of India & History and Uses

SaralStudy Team
SaralStudy Team
SaralStudy staff mostly works for helpful articles and other posts which include student-related news, education-related news, updates, informative lists, etc.
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3 COMMENTS

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