At Saralstudy, we are providing you with the solution of Class 10 Mathematics according to the latest NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines prepared by expert teachers. Here we are trying to give you a detailed answer to the questions of the entire topic of this chapter so that you can get more marks in your examinations by preparing the answers based on this lesson. We are trying our best to give you detailed answers to all the questions of all the topics of Class 10th mathematics so that you can prepare for the exam according to your own pace and your speed.

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- Q:-
Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.

- Q:-
Find the LCM and HCF of the following pairs of integers and verify that LCM × HCF = product of the two numbers.

(i) 26 and 91 (ii) 510 and 92 (iii) 336 and 54 - Q:-
Find the zeroes of the following quadratic polynomials and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.

(i) x

^{2}– 2x – 8 (ii) 4s^{2}– 4s + 1 (iii) 6x^{2}– 3 – 7x (iv) 4u^{2}+ 8u (v) t^{2 }– 15 (vi) 3x^{2 }– x – 4 - Q:-
Prove that 3 + 2√5 is irrational.

- Q:-
A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a particular day that the cost of production of each article (in rupees) was 3 more than twice the number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was Rs 90, find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article.

- Q:-
The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.

- Q:-
Find two consecutive positive integers, sum of whose squares is 365.

- Q:-
Check whether the first polynomial is a factor of the second polynomial by dividing the second polynomial by the first polynomial:

(i) t^{2}– 3, 2t^{4}+ 3t^{3}– 2t^{2}– 9t – 12(ii) x

^{2}+ 3x + 1, 3x^{4}+ 5x^{3}– 7x^{2}+ 2x + 2(iii) x

^{3}– 3x + 1, x^{5}– 4x^{3}+ x^{2}+ 3x + 1 - Q:-
Find two numbers whose sum is 27 and product is 182.

- Q:-

- Q:-
Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.

- Q:-
Check whether the first polynomial is a factor of the second polynomial by dividing the second polynomial by the first polynomial:

(i) t^{2}– 3, 2t^{4}+ 3t^{3}– 2t^{2}– 9t – 12(ii) x

^{2}+ 3x + 1, 3x^{4}+ 5x^{3}– 7x^{2}+ 2x + 2(iii) x

^{3}– 3x + 1, x^{5}– 4x^{3}+ x^{2}+ 3x + 1 - Q:-
(i) A lot of 20 bulbs contain 4 defective ones. One bulb is drawn at random from the lot. What is the probability that this bulb is defective?

(ii) Suppose the bulb drawn in (i) is not defective and is not replaced. Now one bulb is drawn at random from the rest. What is the probability that this bulb is not defective ? - Q:-
A die is thrown once. Find the probability of getting

(i) a prime number; (ii) a number lying between 2 and 6; (iii) an odd number. - Q:-
Refer to Example 13. (i) Complete the following table:

(ii) A student argues that ‘there are 11 possible outcomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Therefore, each of them has a probability

Do you agree with this argument? Justify your answer.

- Q:-
From the top of a 7 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of its foot is 45°. Determine the height of the tower.

- Q:-
Given that HCF (306, 657) = 9, find LCM (306, 657).

- Q:-
Which of the following experiments have equally likely outcomes? Explain.

(i) A driver attempts to start a car. The car starts or does not start.

(ii) A player attempts to shoot a basketball. She/he shoots or misses the shot.

(iii) A trial is made to answer a true-false question. The answer is right or wrong.

(iv) A baby is born. It is a boy or a girl. - Q:-
A piggy bank contains hundred 50p coins, fifty Rs 1 coins, twenty Rs 2 coins and ten Rs 5 coins. If it is equally likely that one of the coins will fall out when the bank is turned upside down, what is the probability that the coin (i) will be a 50 p coin ? (ii) will not be Rs 5 coin?

- Q:-
Solve the following pair of linear equations by the substitution method.

- NCERT Chapter