This page focuses on the detailed Probability question answers for Class 10 Mathematics Probability, addressing the question: 'Refer to Example 13. (i) Complete the following table:
(ii) A student argues that ‘there are 11 possible outcomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Therefore, each of them has a probability
Do you agree with this argument? Justify your answer.'. The solution provides a thorough breakdown of the question, highlighting key concepts and approaches to arrive at the correct answer. This easy-to-understand explanation will help students develop better problem-solving skills, reinforcing their understanding of the chapter and aiding in exam preparation.

Question 22

Refer to Example 13. (i) Complete the following table:

(ii) A student argues that ‘there are 11 possible outcomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Therefore, each of them has a probability

Do you agree with this argument? Justify your answer.

Answer

**(i) Total no. Of outcomes = 36**

** • (**1, 2) and (2, 1) are events for getting a sum as 3

P (E) = 2/36 = 1/18

• (1, 3), (2, 2) and (3, 1) are the events of getting the Sum 4

P(E) = 3/36 = 1/12

• (1, 4), (2, 3), (3, 2) and (4, 1) are the events of getting the sum 5

P(E) = 4/36 = 1/9

• (1, 5), (2, 4), (3, 3), (4, 2) and (5, 1) are the events of Getting a sum 6

P(E) = 5/36

• (1, 6), (2, 5), (3, 4), (4, 3), (5, 2) and (6, 1) are the event of getting a sum 7

P(E) = 6/36 = 1/6

• (3, 6), (4, 5), (5, 4) and (6, 3) are the events of getting a sum 9

P(E) = 4/36 = 1/9

• (4, 6), (5, 5) and (6, 4) are the events of getting a sum 10

P(E) = 3/36 = 1/12

• (5, 6), (6, 5) are the events of getting a sum 11

P(E) = 2/36 =1/18

**(ii)** No, the eleven sum is not equally likely.

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A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a particular day that the cost of production of each article (in rupees) was 3 more than twice the number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was Rs 90, find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article.

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Find the zeroes of the following quadratic polynomials and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.

(i) x

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Find two consecutive positive integers, sum of whose squares is 365.

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Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages.

The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48. - Q:-
Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.

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Find two numbers whose sum is 27 and product is 182.

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The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.

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Find the nature of the roots of the following quadratic equations. If the real roots exist, find them:

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^{2 }– 3x + 5 = 0 (iii) 2x^{2}– 6x + 3 = 0 - Q:-
Prove that 3 + 2√5 is irrational.

- Q:-
Given the linear equation 2x + 3y – 8 = 0, write another linear equation in two variables such that the geometrical representation of the pair so formed is:

(i) intersecting lines (ii) parallel lines (iii) coincident lines

- Q:-
The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.

- Q:-
Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages.

The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48. - Q:-
Given the linear equation 2x + 3y – 8 = 0, write another linear equation in two variables such that the geometrical representation of the pair so formed is:

(i) intersecting lines (ii) parallel lines (iii) coincident lines - Q:-
The altitude of a right triangle is 7 cm less than its base. If the hypotenuse is 13 cm, find the other two sides.

- Q:-
Find the roots of the following equations:

- Q:-
The difference of squares of two numbers is 180. The square of the smaller number is 8 times the larger number. Find the two numbers.

- Q:-
Use Euclid’s division algorithm to find the HCF of :

(i) 135 and 225 (ii) 196 and 38220 (iii) 867 and 255 - Q:-
A tangent PQ at a point P of a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre O at a point Q so that OQ = 12 cm. Length PQ is:

- Q:-
Why is tossing a coin considered to be a fair way of deciding which team should get the ball at the beginning of a football game?

- Q:-
Represent the following situations in the form of quadratic equations :

(i) The area of a rectangular plot is 528 m^{2}. The length of the plot (in metres) is one more than twice its breadth. We need to find the length and breadth of the plot.(ii) The product of two consecutive positive integers is 306. We need to find the integers.

(iii) Rohan’s mother is 26 years older than him. The product of their ages (in years) 3 years from now will be 360. We would like to find Rohan’s present age.

(iv) A train travels a distance of 480 km at a uniform speed. If the speed had been 8 km/h less, then it would have taken 3 hours more to cover the same distance. We need to find the speed of the train.

- NCERT Chapter