Question 7

Give condensed and bond line structural formulas and identify the functional group(s) present, if any, for :

(a) 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

(b) 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid

(c) Hexanedial

Answer

(a) 2, 2, 4-trimethylpentane

Condensed formula: (CH3)2CHCH2C (CH3)3

Bond line formula:

 

(b) 2-hydroxy-1, 2, 3-propanetricarboxylic acid

Condensed Formula:  (COOH)CH2C(OH) (COOH)CH2(COOH)

Bond line formula:

The functional groups present in the given compound are carboxylic acid (-COOH) and alcoholic (-OH) groups.

 

(c) Hexanedial Condensed Formula: (CHO) (CH2)4 (CHO)

Bond line Formula:

The functional group present in the given compound is aldehyde (-CHO).

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