Question 24

How would you explain the lower atomic radius of Ga as compared to Al?


                                                     Atomic Radius (in pm)

Aluminium 143
Gallium 135

Although Ga has one shell more than Al, its size is lesser than Al. This is because of the poor shielding effect of the 3d-electrons. The shielding effect of d-electrons is very poor and effective nuclear charge experienced by the valence electrons in gallium is much more than that of Al.

Popular Questions of Class 11 Chemistry

Write a Comment: