Question 3

# Write the following sets in roster form: (i) A = {x: x is an integer and - 3 < x < 7}. (ii) B = {x: x is a natural number less than 6}. (iii) C = {x: x is a two-digit natural number such that the sum of its digits is 8} (iv) D = {x: x is a prime number which is divisor of 60}. (v) E = The set of all letters in the word TRIGONOMETRY. (vi) F = The set of all letters in the word BETTER.

(i) A = {xx is an integer and –3 < x < 7}

The elements of this set are –2, –1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 only.

Therefore, the given set can be written in roster form as

A = {–2, –1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}

(ii) B = {xx is a natural number less than 6}

The elements of this set are 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 only.

Therefore, the given set can be written in roster form as

B = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}

(iii) C = {xx is a two-digit natural number such that the sum of its digits is 8}

The elements of this set are 17, 26, 35, 44, 53, 62, 71, and 80 only.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as

C = {17, 26, 35, 44, 53, 62, 71, 80}

(iv) D = {xx is a prime number which is a divisor of 60}

 2 60 2 30 3 15 5

∴60 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 5

The elements of this set are 2, 3, and 5 only.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as D = {2, 3, 5}.

(v) E = The set of all letters in the word TRIGONOMETRY

There are 12 letters in the word TRIGONOMETRY, out of which letters T, R, and O are repeated.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as

E = {T, R, I, G, O, N, M, E, Y}

(vi) F = The set of all letters in the word BETTER

There are 6 letters in the word BETTER, out of which letters E and T are repeated.

Therefore, this set can be written in roster form as

F = {B, E, T, R}