
Q1 Find the equation of the circle with centre (0, 2) and radius 2 Ans: The equation of a circle with centre (h, k) and radius r is given as
(x – h)2 + (y – k)2 = r2
It is given that centre (h, k) = (0, 2) and radius (r) = 2.
Therefore, the equation of the circle is
(x – 0)2 + (y – 2)2 = 22
x2 + y2 + 4 – 4 y = 4
x2 + y2 – 4y = 0
Q2 Find the equation of the circle with centre (–2, 3) and radius 4 Ans: The equation of a circle with centre (h, k) and radius r is given as
(x – h)2 + (y – k)2 = r2
It is given that centre (h, k) = (–2, 3) and radius (r) = 4.
Therefore, the equation of the circle is
(x + 2)2 + (y – 3)2 = (4)2
x2 + 4x + 4 + y2 – 6y + 9 = 16
x2 + y2 + 4x – 6y – 3 = 0