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Question 9

Carry out the following osmosis experiment:

Take four peeled potato halves and scoos each one out to make potato cups. One of these potato cups should be made from a boiled potato. Put each potato cup in a trough containing water. Now,

(a) Keep cup A empty
(b) Put one teaspoon sugar in cup B
(c) Put one teaspoon salt in cup C
(d) Put one teaspoon sugar in the boiled potato cup D.

Keep these for two hours. Then observe the four potato cups and answer the following:

(i) Explain why water gathers in the hollowed portion of B and C.
(ii) Why is potato A necessary for this experiment?
(iii) Explain why water does not gather in the hollowed out portions of A and D.

Answer

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Science Chapter 5 The Fundamental Unit of Life Textbook Questions Q9
(i) Water gathers in B and C in light of the fact that in both the circumstances there is contrast in the centralization of water in the box and water in some Potato. Therefore, osmosis happens as the potato cells go about as a semipermeable membrane.
(ii) Potato A is necessary for this experiment for comparison, it acts as a control.
(iii) Water doesn't gather in the emptied out parts of A and D. As some A doesn't have change in the concentration for water to stream. For osmosis to happen one of the concentrations ought to be higher than the other.
In cup D, the cells are dead and thus the semi-permeable membrane doesn't exist for the progression of water and no osmosis happens.

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