- Q:- (a) Two bodies at different temperatures T1 and T2 if brought in thermal contact do not necessarily settle to the mean temperature (T1 +T2)/2. (b) The coolant in a chemical or a nuclear plant (i.e., the liquid used to prevent the different parts of a plant from getting too hot) should have high specific heat. (c) Air pressure in a car tyre increases during driving. (d) The climate of a harbour town is more temperate than that of a town in a desert at the same latitude.
- Q:- Explain why (a) The blood pressure in humans is greater at the feet than at the brain (b) Atmospheric pressure at a height of about 6 km decreases to nearly half of its value at the sea level, though the height of the atmosphere is more than 100 km (c) Hydrostatic pressure is a scalar quantity even though pressure is force divided by area.
- Q:- Give the magnitude and direction of the net force acting on

(a) a drop of rain falling down with a constant speed

(b) a cork of mass 10 g floating on water

(c) a kite skillfully held stationary in the sky

(d) a car moving with a constant velocity of 30 km/h on a rough road

(e) a high-speed electron in space far from all material objects, and free of electric and magnetic fields. - Q:-
State the number of significant figures in the following:

(a) 0.007 m

^{2}(b) 2.64 x 10

^{24}kg(c) 0.2370 g cm

^{-3}(d) 6.320 J

(e) 6.032 N m

^{-2}(f) 0.0006032 m

^{2} - Q:-
A steam engine delivers 5.4 x 10

^{8}J of work per minute and services 3.6 x 10^{9 }J of heat per minute from its boiler. What is the efficiency of the engine? How much heat is wasted per minute? - Q:- Give the magnitude and direction of the net force acting on a stone of mass 0.1 kg,

(a) just after it is dropped from the window of a stationary train,

(b) just after it is dropped from the window of a train running at a constant velocity of 36 km/h,

(c) just after it is dropped from the window of a train accelerating with 1 m s 2,

(d) lying on the floor of a train which is accelerating with 1 m s 2, the stone being at rest relative to the train. Neglect air resistance throughout. - Q:- A physical quantity P is related to four observables a, b, c and d as follows :
The percentage errors of measurement in a, b, c and d are 1%, 3%, 4% and 2%, respectively. What is the percentage error in the quantity P ? If the value of P calculated using the above relation turns out to be 3.763, to what value should you round off the result ?

">A physical quantity P is related to four observables a, b, c and d as follows :

The percentage errors of measurement in a, b, c and d are 1%, 3%, 4% and 2%, respectively. What is the percentage error in the quantity P ? If the value of P calculated using the above relation turns out to be 3.763, to what value should you round off the result ?

- Q:-
A large steel wheel is to be fitted on to a shaft of the same material. At 27 °C, the outer diameter of the shaft is 8.70 cm and the diameter of the central hole in the wheel is 8.69 cm. The shaft is cooled using ‘dry ice’. At what temperature of the shaft does the wheel slip on the shaft? Assume coefficient of linear expansion of the steel to be constant over the required temperature range: αsteel = 1.20 x 10

^{–5}K^{–1}. - Q:-
The driver of a three-wheeler moving with a speed of 36 km/h sees a child standing in the middle of the road and brings his vehicle to rest in 4.0 s just in time to save the child. What is the average retarding force on the vehicle? The mass of the three-wheeler is 400 kg and the mass of the driver is 65 kg.

- Q:-
What amount of heat must be supplied to 2.0 x 10

^{-2}kg of nitrogen (at room temperature) to raise its temperature by 45 °C at constant pressure? (Molecular mass of N^{2}= 28; R = 8.3 J mol^{-1}K^{-1}.)

- Q:-
A steel wire has a length of 12.0 m and a mass of 2.10 kg. What should be the tension in the wire so that speed of a transverse wave on the wire equals the speed of sound in dry air at 20 °C = 343 m s

^{-1}. - Q:-
In deriving Bernoulli's equation, we equated the work done on the fluid in the tube to its change in the potential and kinetic energy. (a) What is the largest average velocity of blood flow in an artery of diameter 2 x 10

^{-3}m if the flow must remain laminar? (b) Do the dissipative forces become more important as the fluid velocity increases? Discuss qualitatively. - Q:-
If, in Exercise 5.21, the speed of the stone is increased beyond the maximum permissible value, and the string breaks suddenly, which of the following correctly describes the trajectory of the stone after the string breaks:

(a) the stone moves radially outwards,

(b) the stone flies off tangentially from the instant the string breaks,

(c) the stone flies off at an angle with the tangent whose magnitude depends on the speed of the particle ?

- Q:-
Where t is in seconds and the coefficients have the proper units for r to be in meters.

(a) Find the v and a of the particle?

(b) What is the magnitude and direction of velocity of the particle at t = 2.0 s?

">The position of a particle is given by

Where t is in seconds and the coefficients have the proper units for r to be in meters.

(a) Find the v and a of the particle?

(b) What is the magnitude and direction of velocity of the particle at t = 2.0 s?

- Q:- A physical quantity P is related to four observables a, b, c and d as follows :
The percentage errors of measurement in a, b, c and d are 1%, 3%, 4% and 2%, respectively. What is the percentage error in the quantity P ? If the value of P calculated using the above relation turns out to be 3.763, to what value should you round off the result ?

">A physical quantity P is related to four observables a, b, c and d as follows :

- Q:- State with reasons, whether the following algebraic operations with scalar and vector physical quantities are meaningful:

(a) adding any two scalars,

(b) adding a scalar to a vector of the same dimensions,

(c) multiplying any vector by any scalar,

(d) multiplying any two scalars,

(e) adding any two vectors,

(f) adding a component of a vector to the same vector. - Q:- In which of the following examples of motion, can the body be considered approximately a point object:

(a) a railway carriage moving without jerks between two stations.

(b) a monkey sitting on top of a man cycling smoothly on a circular track.

(c) a spinning cricket ball that turns sharply on hitting the ground.

(d) a tumbling beaker that has slipped off the edge of a table. - Q:-
Which of the following formulae are correct for describing the motion of the particle over the time-interval t

_{2}to t_{1}?(a) x(t

_{2}) = x (t_{1}) + v (t_{1}) (t_{2}–t_{1}) + (1/2) a (t_{2}–t_{1})^{2}(b) v(t

_{2})= v(t_{1}) + a(t_{2}–t_{1})(c) v

_{Average}= (x(t_{2}) – x (t_{1})) / (t_{2}– t_{1})(d) a

_{Average}= (v(t_{2}) – v(t_{1})) / (t_{2}– t_{1})(e) x(t

_{2}) = x(t_{1}) + v_{Average}(t_{2}– t_{1}) + ( 1/2 ) a_{Average }(t_{2}–t_{1})^{2}(f) x(t

">_{2}) – x(t_{1}) = area under the v–t curve bounded by the t-axis and the dotted line shown.The velocity-time graph of a particle in one-dimensional motion is shown in Fig. 3.29:

Which of the following formulae are correct for describing the motion of the particle over the time-interval t

_{2}to t_{1}?(a) x(t

_{2}) = x (t_{1}) + v (t_{1}) (t_{2}–t_{1}) + (1/2) a (t_{2}–t_{1})^{2}(b) v(t

_{2})= v(t_{1}) + a(t_{2}–t_{1})(c) v

_{Average}= (x(t_{2}) – x (t_{1})) / (t_{2}– t_{1})(d) a

_{Average}= (v(t_{2}) – v(t_{1})) / (t_{2}– t_{1})(e) x(t

_{2}) = x(t_{1}) + v_{Average}(t_{2}– t_{1}) + ( 1/2 ) a_{Average }(t_{2}–t_{1})^{2}(f) x(t

_{2}) – x(t_{1}) = area under the v–t curve bounded by the t-axis and the dotted line shown. - Q:-
Fill in the blanks using the word(s) from the list appended with each statement:

(a) Surface tension of liquids generally . . . with temperatures (increases / decreases)

(b) Viscosity of gases. .. with temperature, whereas viscosity of liquids . . . with temperature (increases / decreases)

(c) For solids with elastic modulus of rigidity, the shearing force is proportional to . . . , while for fluids it is proportional to . .. (shear strain / rate of shear strain)

(d) For a fluid in a steady flow, the increase in flow speed at a constriction follows (conservation of mass / Bernoulli's principle)

(e) For the model of a plane in a wind tunnel, turbulence occurs at a ... speed for turbulence for an actual plane (greater / smaller)

- Q:- A player throws a ball upwards with an initial speed of 29.4 m s
^{–1}. What is the direction of acceleration during the upward motion of the ball? What are the velocity and acceleration of the ball at the highest point of its motion?Choose the x = 0 m and t = 0 s to be the location and time of the ball at its highest point, vertically downward direction to be the positive direction of x-axis, and give the signs of position, velocity and acceleration of the ball during its upward, and downward motion. To what height does the ball rise and after how long does the ball return to the player’s hands? (Take g = 9.8 m s

^{–2}and neglect air resistance).A player throws a ball upwards with an initial speed of 29.4 m s

^{–1}. What is the direction of acceleration during the upward motion of the ball? What are the velocity and acceleration of the ball at the highest point of its motion?Choose the x = 0 m and t = 0 s to be the location and time of the ball at its highest point, vertically downward direction to be the positive direction of x-axis, and give the signs of position, velocity and acceleration of the ball during its upward, and downward motion. To what height does the ball rise and after how long does the ball return to the player’s hands? (Take g = 9.8 m s

^{–2}and neglect air resistance).

- NCERT Chapter

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