Question 8

A transverse harmonic wave on a string is described by

y(x,t) = 3.0 sin [36t + 0.018x + π /4]

Where x and y are in cm and t in s. The positive direction of x is from left to right.

(a) Is this a travelling wave or a stationary wave? If it is travelling, what are the speed and direction of its propagation?

(b) What are its amplitude and frequency?

(c) What is the initial phase at the origin?

(d) What is the least distance between two successive crests in the wave?

Answer

(a) Yes; Speed = 20 m/s, Direction = Right to left

(b) 3 cm; 5.73 Hz

(c) π /4

(d) 3.49 m

Explanation:

Given,

y(x, t) =3 sin (36t +0.018x + π/4) . . . . . . . . . . . ( 1 )

( i ) We know, the equation of a progressive wave travelling from right to left is:

y (x, t) = a sin (ωt + kx + Φ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( 2 )

Comparing equation ( 1 ) to equation ( 2 ), we see that it represents a wave travelling from right to left and also we get:

a = 3 cm, ω = 36 rad/s , k = 0.018 cm and ϕ = π/4

( ii )Therefore the speed of propagation , v = ω/k = 36/ 0.018 = 20 m/s

( iii ) Amplitude of the wave, a = 3 cm

Frequency of the wave v = ω / 2π = 36 /2π = 5.7 hz

( iv ) Initial phase at the origin = π/4

( v ) the smallest distance between two adjacent crests in the wave, λ = 2π/ k = 2π / 0.018 = 349 cm

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^{-3}(d) 6.320 J

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^{-2}(f) 0.0006032 m

^{2} - Q:-
Fill in the blanks by suitable conversion of units:

(a) 1 kg m

^{2}s^{–2}= ....g cm^{2 }s^{–2 }(b) 1 m =..... ly

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^{–2}=.... km h^{–2}(d) G = 6.67 × 10

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(Fig 3.23)

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State the number of significant figures in the following:

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^{2}(b) 2.64 x 10

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- Q:-
Fill in the blanks by suitable conversion of units:

(a) 1 kg m

^{2}s^{–2}= ....g cm^{2 }s^{–2 }(b) 1 m =..... ly

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^{–2}=.... km h^{–2}(d) G = 6.67 × 10

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- Q:-
The mass of a box measured by a grocer's balance is 2.300 kg. Two gold pieces of masses 20.15 g and 20.17 g are added to the box. What is

(a) the total mass of the box,

(b) the difference in the masses of the pieces to correct significant figures?

- NCERT Chapter