Question 2

# Find the sum of all natural numbers lying between 100 and 1000, which are multiples of 5.

Answer

The natural numbers lying between 100 and 1000, which are multiples of 5, are 105, 110, … 995.

This sequence forms an A.P.

Here, first term, a = 105

Common difference, d = 5

Here,

\begin{align} a + (n - 1)d = 995 \end{align}

\begin{align} => 105 + (n - 1)5 = 995 \end{align}

\begin{align} => (n - 1)5 = 995 - 105 = 890 \end{align}

\begin{align} => n -1 = 178 \end{align}

\begin{align} => n = 179 \end{align}

\begin{align} S_n = \frac {n}{2}\left[2a + (n -1)d\right]\end{align}

\begin{align} \therefore S_n = \frac {179}{2}\left[2 × (105) + (179 -1)×(5)\right]\end{align}

\begin{align} = \frac {179}{2}\left[2(105) + (178)(5)\right]\end{align}

\begin{align} = 179\left[105 + (89)5\right]\end{align}

\begin{align} = (179)\left[105 + 445\right]\end{align}

\begin{align} =179 × 550 \end{align}

\begin{align} = 98450 \end{align}

Thus, the sum of all natural numbers lying between 100 and 1000, which are multiples of 5, is 98450.

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Khushi Narang
2020-07-27 09:59:05

Its very helpful me ðthanks

Jaas
2019-05-22 08:32:08

Thanks a lot. It's very helpful for students. ð

Ashutosh
2018-11-05 19:16:44

It's very useful for me Thanks

- NCERT Chapter