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Question 7

Discuss the consequences of high enthalpy of H-H bond in terms of chemical reactivity of dihydrogen.

Answer

The ionization enthalpy of H-H bond is very high (1312 kJ mol-1). This indicates that hydrogen has a low tendency to form H+ions. Its ionization enthalpy value is comparable to that of halogens. Hence, it forms diatomic molecules (H2), hydrides with elements, and a large number of covalent bonds. Since ionization enthalpy is very high, hydrogen does not possess metallic characteristics (lustre, ductility, etc.) like metals.

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