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Question 1

Fill the missing word in the blank spaces in the following statements:

(a) Wind is——————air.
(b) Winds are generated due to —————— heating on the earth.
(c) Near the earth’s surface __________air rises up whereas ___________ air comes down.
(d) Air moves from a region of ——— pressure to a region of ———.

Answer

(a) Moving
Wind is moving air. It is produced by the uneven heating of the earth’s surface by the sun. Since the earth’s surface is made of various land and water formations, it absorbs the sun’s radiation unevenly.

(b) Uneven
Winds are generate due to uneven heating on the earth. Winds energy is created by the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface by the Sun. During the day, the air above the land heats faster than air over water. This warm air over the land expands and rises, and the cooler air, which is heavier takes its place, creating wind.



(c) Hot, cold
It is so because warm air is light in weight. So, it rises up whereas cool air comes down.

(d) High, low
Air moves from a region of high pressure to a region of low pressure. The movement of air caused by temperature or pressure differences in wind. Where there are differences of pressure between two places, a pressure gradient exists, across which air moves from the high pressure region to the low pressure region.

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