At Saralstudy, we are providing you with the solution of Class 11 Physics Physical World according to the latest NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines prepared by expert teachers. Here we are trying to give you a detailed answer to the questions of the entire topic of this chapter so that you can get more marks in your examinations by preparing the answers based on this lesson. We are trying our best to give you detailed answers to all the questions of all the topics of Class 11th physics Physical World so that you can prepare for the exam according to your own pace and your speed.

Download pdf of NCERT Solutions for Class Physics Chapter 1 Physical World

Download pdf of NCERT Examplar with Solutions for Class Physics Chapter 1 Physical World

- Q:-
State the number of significant figures in the following:

(a) 0.007 m

^{2}(b) 2.64 x 10

^{24}kg(c) 0.2370 g cm

^{-3}(d) 6.320 J

(e) 6.032 N m

^{-2}(f) 0.0006032 m

^{2} - Q:-
Fill in the blanks by suitable conversion of units:

(a) 1 kg m

^{2}s^{–2}= ....g cm^{2 }s^{–2 }(b) 1 m =..... ly

(c) 3.0 m s

^{–2}=.... km h^{–2}(d) G = 6.67 × 10

^{–11}N m^{2}(kg)^{–2}=.... (cm)3s^{–2}g^{–1}. - Q:-
A physical quantity P is related to four observables a, b, c and d as follows :

The percentage errors of measurement in a, b, c and d are 1%, 3%, 4% and 2%, respectively. What is the percentage error in the quantity P ? If the value of P calculated using the above relation turns out to be 3.763, to what value should you round off the result ?

- Q:-
Rain is falling vertically with a speed of 30 m s

^{–1}. A woman rides a bicycle with a speed of 10 m s^{–1}in the north to south direction. What is the direction in which she should hold her umbrella? - Q:- Give the magnitude and direction of the net force acting on

(a) a drop of rain falling down with a constant speed

(b) a cork of mass 10 g floating on water

(c) a kite skillfully held stationary in the sky

(d) a car moving with a constant velocity of 30 km/h on a rough road

(e) a high-speed electron in space far from all material objects, and free of electric and magnetic fields. - Q:-
The mass of a box measured by a grocer's balance is 2.300 kg. Two gold pieces of masses 20.15 g and 20.17 g are added to the box. What is

(a) the total mass of the box,

(b) the difference in the masses of the pieces to correct significant figures?

- Q:-
On an open ground, a motorist follows a track that turns to his left by an angle of 60° after every 500 m. Starting from a given turn, specify the displacement of the motorist at the third, sixth and eighth turn. Compare the magnitude of the displacement with the total path length covered by the motorist in each case.

- Q:-
What amount of heat must be supplied to 2.0 x 10

^{-2}kg of nitrogen (at room temperature) to raise its temperature by 45 °C at constant pressure? (Molecular mass of N^{2}= 28; R = 8.3 J mol^{-1}K^{-1}.) - Q:- In which of the following examples of motion, can the body be considered approximately a point object:

(a) a railway carriage moving without jerks between two stations.

(b) a monkey sitting on top of a man cycling smoothly on a circular track.

(c) a spinning cricket ball that turns sharply on hitting the ground.

(d) a tumbling beaker that has slipped off the edge of a table. - Q:-
A transverse harmonic wave on a string is described by

y(x,t) = 3.0 sin [36t + 0.018x + π /4]

Where x and y are in cm and t in s. The positive direction of x is from left to right.

(a) Is this a travelling wave or a stationary wave? If it is travelling, what are the speed and direction of its propagation?

(b) What are its amplitude and frequency?

(c) What is the initial phase at the origin?

(d) What is the least distance between two successive crests in the wave?

- Q:-
Fill in the blanks by suitable conversion of units:

(a) 1 kg m

^{2}s^{–2}= ....g cm^{2 }s^{–2 }(b) 1 m =..... ly

(c) 3.0 m s

^{–2}=.... km h^{–2}(d) G = 6.67 × 10

^{–11}N m^{2}(kg)^{–2}=.... (cm)3s^{–2}g^{–1}. - Q:-
A transverse harmonic wave on a string is described by

y(x,t) = 3.0 sin [36t + 0.018x + π /4]

Where x and y are in cm and t in s. The positive direction of x is from left to right.

(a) Is this a travelling wave or a stationary wave? If it is travelling, what are the speed and direction of its propagation?

(b) What are its amplitude and frequency?

(c) What is the initial phase at the origin?

(d) What is the least distance between two successive crests in the wave?

- Q:-
Estimate the total number of air molecules (inclusive of oxygen, nitrogen, water vapour and other constituents) in a room of capacity 25.0 m

^{3}at a temperature of 27 °C and 1 atm pressure. - Q:-
Explain clearly, with examples, the distinction between:

a) magnitude of displacement (sometimes called distance) over an interval of time, and the total length of path covered by a particle over the same interval;

b) magnitude of average velocity over an interval of time, and the average speed over the same interval. [Average speed of a particle over an interval of time is defined as the total path length divided by the time interval]. Show in both (a) and (b) that the second quantity is either greater than or equal to the first.

When is the equality sign true? [For simplicity, consider one-dimensional motion only].

- Q:-
A ball is dropped from a height of 90 m on a floor. At each collision with the floor, the ball loses one tenth of its speed. Plot the speed-time graph of its motion between t = 0 to 12 s.

- Q:- State with reasons, whether the following algebraic operations with scalar and vector physical quantities are meaningful:

(a) adding any two scalars,

(b) adding a scalar to a vector of the same dimensions,

(c) multiplying any vector by any scalar,

(d) multiplying any two scalars,

(e) adding any two vectors,

(f) adding a component of a vector to the same vector. - Q:-
Establish the following vector inequalities geometrically or otherwise:

(a) |a + b| ≤ |a| + |b|

(b) |a + b| ≥ ||a| − |b||

(c) |a − b| ≤ |a| + |b|

(d) |a − b| ≥ ||a| − |b||

When does the equality sign above apply?

- Q:- Which of the following examples represent periodic motion? (a) A swimmer completing one (return) trip from one bank of a river to the other and back. (b) A freely suspended bar magnet displaced from its N-S direction and released. (c) A hydrogen molecule rotating about its center of mass. (d) An arrow released from a bow.
- Q:-
A monkey of mass 40 kg climbs on a rope (Fig. 5.20) which can stand a maximum tension of 600 N. In which of the following cases will the rope break: the monkey

(a) climbs up with an acceleration of 6 m s

^{-2}(b) climbs down with an acceleration of 4 m s

^{-2}(c) climbs up with a uniform speed of 5 m s

^{-1}(d) falls down the rope nearly freely under gravity?

(Ignore the mass of the rope).

- Q:-
Fill in the blanks

(a) The volume of a cube of side 1 cm is equal to.....m

^{3}(b) The surface area of a solid cylinder of radius 2.0 cm and height 10.0 cm is equal to ... (mm)

^{2 }(c) A vehicle moving with a speed of 18 km h

^{–1}covers....m in 1 s(d) The relative density of lead is 11.3. Its density is ....g cm

^{–3}or . ...kg m^{–3}.

- NCERT Chapter