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Question 40

In Rutherford’s experiment, generally the thin foil of heavy atoms, like gold, platinum etc. have been used to be bombarded by the α-particles. If the thin foil of light atoms like aluminium etc. is used, what difference would be observed from the above results?

Answer

In 1911, Rutherford performed alpha rays scattering experiment to demonstrate the structure of atom. Heavy atoms have a heavy nucleus carrying a large amount of positive charge.Hence,some alpha particles are easily deflected back on hitting the nucleus.Also a number of alpha particles are deflected through small angles because of large positive charge on the nucleus.If light atoms are use,their nuclei will be light & moreover,they will have small positive charge on the nucleus.Hence, the number of particles deflected back & those deflecte through some angle will be negligible.

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