This page offers a step-by-step solution to the specific question **NCERT Class 10th Mathematics - Quadratic Equations | check whether the following are quadratic equation Answer ** from NCERT Class 10th Mathematics, Chapter Quadratic Equations.

Question 1

Check whether the following are quadratic equations :

(i) (x + 1)^{2} = 2(x – 3) (ii) x^{2} – 2x = (–2) (3 – x) (iii) (x – 2)(x + 1) = (x – 1)(x + 3) (iv) (x – 3)(2x +1) = x(x + 5)

(v) (2x – 1)(x – 3) = (x + 5)(x – 1) (vi) x^{2}+ 3x + 1 = (x – 2)^{2} (vii) (x + 2)^{3} = 2x (x2 – 1) (viii) x^{3} – 4x^{2} – x + 1 = (x – 2)^{3}

Answer

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A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a particular day that the cost of production of each article (in rupees) was 3 more than twice the number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was Rs 90, find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article.

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Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages.

The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48. - Q:-
Find two consecutive positive integers, sum of whose squares is 365.

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Find two numbers whose sum is 27 and product is 182.

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Find the nature of the roots of the following quadratic equations. If the real roots exist, find them:

(i) 2x

^{2 }– 3x + 5 = 0 (iii) 2x^{2}– 6x + 3 = 0 - Q:-
Is it possible to design a rectangular park of perimeter 80 m and area 400 m

^{2}? If so, find its length and breadth. - Q:-
Find the roots of the following quadratic equations, if they exist, by the method of

completing the square:

(i) 2x^{2 }– 7x + 3 = 0 (ii) 2x^{2 }+ x – 4 = 0 (iv) 2x^{2}+ x + 4 = 0 - Q:-
The altitude of a right triangle is 7 cm less than its base. If the hypotenuse is 13 cm, find the other two sides.

- Q:-
Find the roots of the following equations:

- Q:-
Find the roots of the following quadratic equations by factorisation:

- Q:-
Use Euclid’s division algorithm to find the HCF of :

(i) 135 and 225 (ii) 196 and 38220 (iii) 867 and 255 - Q:-
The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.

- Q:-
A circus artist is climbing a 20 m long rope, which is tightly stretched and tied from the top of a vertical pole to the ground. Find the height of the pole, if the angle made by the rope with the ground level is 30° (see Fig. 9.11).

- Q:-
Aftab tells his daughter, “Seven years ago, I was seven times as old as you were then. Also, three years from now, I shall be three times as old as you will be.” (Isn’t this interesting?) Represent this situation algebraically and graphically.

- Q:-
Complete the following statements:

(i) Probability of an event E + Probability of the event ‘not E’ =

(ii) The probability of an event that cannot happen is

(iii) The probability of an event that is certain to happen is

(iv) The sum of the probabilities of all the elementary events of an experiment is(v) The probability of an event is greater than or equal to

- Q:-
How many tangents can a circle have?

- Q:-
Show that any positive odd integer is of the form 6

*q*+ 1, or 6*q*+ 3, or 6*q*+ 5, where*q*is some integer. - Q:-
A tree breaks due to storm and the broken part bends so that the top of the tree touches the ground making an angle 30° with it. The distance between the foot of the tree to the point where the top touches the ground is 8 m. Find the height of the tree.

- Q:-
The coach of a cricket team buys 3 bats and 6 balls for ` 3900. Later, she buys another bat and 3 more balls of the same kind for ` 1300. Represent this situation algebraically and geometrically.

- Q:-
Which of the following experiments have equally likely outcomes? Explain.

(i) A driver attempts to start a car. The car starts or does not start.

(ii) A player attempts to shoot a basketball. She/he shoots or misses the shot.

(iii) A trial is made to answer a true-false question. The answer is right or wrong.

(iv) A baby is born. It is a boy or a girl.

- Q:-
Two customers Shyam and Ekta are visiting a particular shop in the same week (Tuesday to Saturday). Each is equally likely to visit the shop on any day as on another day. What is the probability that both will visit the shop on (i) the same day? (ii) consecutive days? (iii) different days?

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Two poles of equal heights are standing opposite each other on either side of the road, which is 80 m wide. From a point between them on the road, the angles of elevation of the top of the poles are 60° and 30°, respectively. Find the height of the poles and the distances of the point from the poles.

- Q:-
A TV tower stands vertically on a bank of a canal. From a point on the other bank directly opposite the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 60°. From another point 20 m away from this point on the line joing this point to the foot of the tower, the angle of elevation of the top of the tower is 30° (see Fig. 9.12). Find the height of the tower and the width of the canal.

- Q:-
A bag contains 5 red balls and some blue balls. If the probability of drawing a blue ball is double that of a red ball, determine the number of blue balls in the bag.

- Q:-
One card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting

(i) a king of red colour (ii) a face card (iii) a red face card

(iv) the jack of hearts (v) a spade (vi) the queen of diamonds - Q:-
A contractor plans to install two slides for the children to play in a park. For the children below the age of 5 years, she prefers to have a slide whose top is at a height of 1.5 m, andis inclined at an angle of 30° to the ground, whereas for elder children, she wants to have a steep slide at a height of 3m, and inclined at an angle of 60° to the ground. What should be the length of the slide in each case?

- Q:-
Write down the decimal expansions of those rational numbers in Question 1 above which have terminating decimal expansions.

- Q:-
The angle of elevation of the top of a tower from a point on the ground, which is 30 m away from the foot of the tower, is 30°. Find the height of the tower.

- Q:-
Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.

- Q:-
Find the LCM and HCF of the following pairs of integers and verify that LCM × HCF = product of the two numbers.

(i) 26 and 91 (ii) 510 and 92 (iii) 336 and 54

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