This page focuses on the detailed Polynomials question answers for Class 10 Mathematics Polynomials, addressing the question: 'The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.
'. The solution provides a thorough breakdown of the question, highlighting key concepts and approaches to arrive at the correct answer. This easy-to-understand explanation will help students develop better problem-solving skills, reinforcing their understanding of the chapter and aiding in exam preparation.

Question 1

The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.

Answer

Total no of zeroes of a polynomial equation = the number of times the curve intersect x-axis

- In this graph the number of zeroes of p(x) is 0, because the graph is parallel to x- axis and does not intersect at any point on x-axis.
- In this graph the number of zeroes of p(x) is 1, because the curve intersects x-axis only at one point.
- In this graph the number of zeroes of p(x) is 3, because the curve intersects x-axis at three points.
- In this graph the number of zeroes of p(x) is 2, because the curve intersects x-axis at two points.
- In this graph the number of zeroes of p(x) is 4, because the curve intersects x-axis at four points.
- In this graph the number of zeroes of p(x) is 3, because the curve intersects x-axis at three points.

- Q:-
A cottage industry produces a certain number of pottery articles in a day. It was observed on a particular day that the cost of production of each article (in rupees) was 3 more than twice the number of articles produced on that day. If the total cost of production on that day was Rs 90, find the number of articles produced and the cost of each article.

- Q:-
Find the zeroes of the following quadratic polynomials and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.

(i) x

^{2}– 2x – 8 (ii) 4s^{2}– 4s + 1 (iii) 6x^{2}– 3 – 7x (iv) 4u^{2}+ 8u (v) t^{2 }– 15 (vi) 3x^{2 }– x – 4 - Q:-
Find two consecutive positive integers, sum of whose squares is 365.

- Q:-
Is the following situation possible? If so, determine their present ages.

The sum of the ages of two friends is 20 years. Four years ago, the product of their ages in years was 48. - Q:-
Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.

- Q:-
Refer to Example 13. (i) Complete the following table:

(ii) A student argues that ‘there are 11 possible outcomes 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Therefore, each of them has a probability

Do you agree with this argument? Justify your answer.

- Q:-
Find two numbers whose sum is 27 and product is 182.

- Q:-
Find the nature of the roots of the following quadratic equations. If the real roots exist, find them:

(i) 2x

^{2 }– 3x + 5 = 0 (iii) 2x^{2}– 6x + 3 = 0 - Q:-
Prove that 3 + 2√5 is irrational.

- Q:-
Given the linear equation 2x + 3y – 8 = 0, write another linear equation in two variables such that the geometrical representation of the pair so formed is:

(i) intersecting lines (ii) parallel lines (iii) coincident lines

- Q:-
A jar contains 24 marbles, some are green and others are blue. If a marble is drawn at random from the jar, the probability that it is green is 2/3.

Find the number of blue balls in the jar.

- Q:-
Find two numbers whose sum is 27 and product is 182.

- Q:-
Why is tossing a coin considered to be a fair way of deciding which team should get the ball at the beginning of a football game?

- Q:-
Verify that the numbers given alongside of the cubic polynomials below are their zeroes. Also verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients in each case:

- Q:-
How many tangents can a circle have?

- Q:-
Find two consecutive positive integers, sum of whose squares is 365.

- Q:-
Without actually performing the long division, state whether the following rational numbers will have a terminating decimal expansion or a non-terminating repeating decimal expansion:

- Q:-
Find the roots of the following equations:

- Q:-
A tangent PQ at a point P of a circle of radius 5 cm meets a line through the centre O at a point Q so that OQ = 12 cm. Length PQ is:

- Q:-
A straight highway leads to the foot of a tower. A man standing at the top of the tower observes a car at an angle of depression of 30°, which is approaching the foot of the tower with a uniform speed. Six seconds later, the angle of depression of the car is found to be 60°. Find the time taken by the car to reach the foot of the tower from this point.

- NCERT Chapter