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Question 4

Show that the relation R in R defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b}, is reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

Answer

R = {(a, b); ab}

Clearly (a, a) ∈ R as a = a.

∴R is reflexive.

Now,

(2, 4) ∈ R (as 2 < 4)

But, (4, 2) ∉ R as 4 is greater than 2.

∴ R is not symmetric.

Now, let (a, b), (b, c) ∈ R.

Then,

ab and bc

ac

⇒ (a, c) ∈ R

∴R is transitive.

Hence,R is reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

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