This page focuses on the detailed Application of Derivatives question answers for Class 12 Mathematics Application of Derivatives, addressing the question: 'A ladder 5 m long is leaning against a wall. The bottom of the ladder is pulled along the ground, away from the wall, at the rate of 2 cm/s. How fast is its height on the wall decreasing when the foot of the ladder is 4 m away from the wall?'. The solution provides a thorough breakdown of the question, highlighting key concepts and approaches to arrive at the correct answer. This easy-to-understand explanation will help students develop better problem-solving skills, reinforcing their understanding of the chapter and aiding in exam preparation.

Question 10

A ladder 5 m long is leaning against a wall. The bottom of the ladder is pulled along the ground, away from the wall, at the rate of 2 cm/s. How fast is its height on the wall decreasing when the foot of the ladder is 4 m away from the wall?

Answer

Let *y* m be the height of the wall at which the ladder touches. Also, let the foot of the ladder be *x *maway from the wall.

Then, by Pythagoras theorem, we have:

*x*^{2} + *y*^{2} = 25 [Length of the ladder = 5 m]

\begin{align}\Rightarrow y = \sqrt{25 - x^2}\end{align}

Then, the rate of change of height (*y)* with respect to time (*t)* is given by,

\begin{align}\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{-x}{\sqrt{25 - x^2}}.\frac{dx}{dt}\end{align}

It is given that

\begin{align}\frac{dx}{dt}= 2 \; cm/s.\end{align}

\begin{align}\therefore\frac{dy}{dt} = \frac{-2x}{\sqrt{25 - x^2}}\end{align}

Now, when *x* = 4 m, we have:

\begin{align}\therefore\frac{dy}{dt} = \frac{-2 \times 4}{\sqrt{25 - 4^2}}=-\frac{8}{3}\end{align}

Hence, the height of the ladder on the wall is decreasing at the rate of

\begin{align}\frac{8}{3}\end{align}

- Q:- Given an example of a relation. Which is

(i) Symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.

(ii) Transitive but neither reflexive nor symmetric.

(iii) Reflexive and symmetric but not transitive.

(iv) Reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

(v) Symmetric and transitive but not reflexive. - Q:- Determine whether each of the following relations are reflexive, symmetric and transitive:

(i) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3,13, 14} defined as

R = {(x, y): 3x − y = 0}

(ii) Relation R in the set N of natural numbers defined as

R = {(x, y): y = x + 5 and x < 4}

(iii) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(x, y): y is divisible by x}

(iv) Relation R in the set Z of all integers defined as

R = {(x, y): x − y is as integer}

(v) Relation R in the set A of human beings in a town at a particular time given by

(a) R = {(x, y): x and y work at the same place}

(b) R = {(x, y): x and y live in the same locality}

(c) R = {(x, y): x is exactly 7 cm taller than y}

(d) R = {(x, y): x is wife of y}

(e) R = {(x, y): x is father of y} - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set {1, 2, 3} given by R = {(1, 2), (2, 1)} is symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.
- Q:- Check whether the relation R defined in the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(a, b): b = a + 1} is reflexive, symmetric or transitive. - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set R of real numbers, defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b
^{2}} is neither reflexive nor symmetric nor transitive. - Q:-
In each of the following cases, state whether the function is one-one, onto or bijective. Justify your answer.

(i)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 3 – 4x(ii)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 1 + x^{2 } - Q:- Let L be the set of all lines in XY plane and R be the relation in L defined as R = {(L1, L2): L1 is parallel to L2}. Show that R is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all lines related to the line y = 2x + 4.
- Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:-
Prove that the Greatest Integer Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = [x], is neither one-one nor onto, where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. - Q:- Show that the relation R in R defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b}, is reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

- Q:- \begin{align} \int sec x . \left(sec x + tan x\right) .dx \end{align}
- Q:- If A=\(\begin{bmatrix}1 & 2\\4 & 2\end{bmatrix}\), then show that |2A| = 4|A|
- Q:-
Let A = {1, 2, 3}, B = {4, 5, 6, 7} and let

*f*= {(1, 4), (2, 5), (3, 6)} be a function from A to B. Show that*f*is one-one. - Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:- Evaluate the determinants

(i) \begin{vmatrix} \mathbf{Cosθ} & \mathbf{−sin θ} \\ \mathbf{sin θ} & \mathbf{cos θ} \end{vmatrix}

(ii) \begin{vmatrix} \mathbf{x^2 − x + 1} & \mathbf{x − 1} \\ \mathbf{x + 1} & \mathbf{x + 1} \end{vmatrix} - Q:-
Let A and B be sets. Show that

*f*: A × B → B × A such that*f*(*a, b*) = (*b, a*) is bijective function. - Q:-
The vertices of ΔABC are A (3, 5, −4), B (−1, 1, 2), and C (−5, −5, −2).

- Q:- \begin{align} \int \frac {sec^2 x}{Coses^2 x} . dx\end{align}
- Q:-
A balloon, which always remains spherical on inflation, is being inflated by pumping in 900 cubic centimetres of gas per second. Find the rate at which the radius of the balloon increases when the radius is 15 cm.

- Q:- Show that the relation R in the set A of points in a plane given by R = {(P, Q): distance of the point P from the origin is same as the distance of the point Q from the origin}, is an equivalence relation. Further, show that the set of all point related to a point P ≠ (0, 0) is the circle passing through P with origin as centre.

Lakshay
2017-01-16 22:45:25

Thank u so much

Nhutlam
2016-10-05 08:49:43

need to change the units?

vaikalya
2016-09-17 16:05:36

how do u got dy/dx

- NCERT Chapter