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Question 13

Show how will you synthesize:

(i) 1-phenylethanol from a suitable alkene.

(ii) cyclohexylmethanol using an alkyl halide by an SN2 reaction.

(iii) pentan-1-ol using a suitable alkyl halide?

Answer

(i) By acid-catalyzed hydration of ethylbenzene (styrene), 1-phenylethanol can be synthesized.

 

(ii) When chloromethylcyclohexane is treated with sodium hydroxide, cyclohexylmethanol is obtained.

 

(iii) When 1-chloropentane is treated with NaOH, pentan-1-ol is produced.

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