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Question 3

Classify the following as amorphous or crystalline solids:
Polyurethane, naphthalene, benzoic acid, teflon, potassium nitrate, cellophane, polyvinyl chloride, fibre glass, copper.

Answer

Solids are classified into 2 types:

Crystalline solids

Amorphous solids

Crystalline solids-exists as small crystals,each crystal having a characterstic geometrical shape.The atoms,ions or molecules are arranged in a regular, repeating three dimensional pattern called the crystal lattice.

Amorphous solids( Greek term amorphous-no form)- has atoms, molecules or ions arranged at random & lacks the ordered crystalline lattice.

 

Naphthalene, benzoic acid, potassium nitrate, copper

Polyurethane, teflon, cellophane, polyvinyl chloride, fibre glass

 

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