Question 16

Write the significance/applications of dipole moment.


The important significance of dipole moment are as follows:

1. For predicting the nature of the molecules- molecules with zero dipole moment are non- polar while the molecule with specific dipole moment are polar in nature.

2. For determining the shape of the molecule-If a molecule has a specific dipole moment then its shape will not be symmetrical, they may be bent or angular and the molecule with zero dipole moment will be symmetrical and has linear shape.

3. For comparing the polarities of the molecules- greater the dipole moment value, more will be the polarity and vice versa.

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