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Question 5

Explain the difference between Buna-N and Buna-S.

Answer

Buna – N

Buna - N is a copolymer of 1, 3−butadiene and acrylonitrile. It is also called Nitrile rubber(NBR).It is obtained by polymerization of 1,3-butadiene & acrylonitrile in the presence of sodium .It is used for making oil seels,manufacturing of tank linings,protective gloves etc.



 

Buna − S

Buna - S is a copolymer of 1, 3−butadiene and styrene. It is obtained by polymerization of 1,3-Butadiene & styrene in the ratio 3:1 in the presence of sodium.

In Buna –S, Bu stands for butadiene,na for sodium & S for styrene.It is also called SBR(Styrene Butadiene Rubber).It has slightly less tensile strength than natural rubber. It is used for making automobile tyres,rubber soles,belts,hoses etc.

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