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Question 2

How are polymers classified on the basis of structure?

Answer

Polymers are classified on the basis of structure as follows:

1. Linear polymers: These polymers are formed of long straight chains. They can be depicted as:

For e.g., high density polythene (HDP), polyvinyl chloride, etc.

 

2. Branched chain polymers: These polymers are basically linear chain polymers with some branches. These polymers are represented as:

For e.g., low density polythene (LDP), amylopectin, etc.

 

3. Cross-linked or Network polymers: These polymers have many cross-linking bonds that give rise to a network-like structure. These polymers contain bi-functional and tri-functional monomers and strong covalent bonds between various linear polymer chains. Examples of such polymers include bakelite and melmac.

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