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Question 3

(a) Three resistors 1 Ω, 2 Ω, and 3 Ω are combined in series. What is the total resistance of the combination?

(b) If the combination is connected to a battery of emf 12 V and negligible internal resistance, obtain the potential drop across each resistor.

Answer

(a) Three resistors of resistances 1 Ω, 2 Ω, and 3 Ω are combined in series. Total resistance of the combination is given by the algebraic sum of individual resistances.

Total resistance = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6 Ω

(b) Current flowing through the circuit = I

Emf of the battery, E = 12 V

Total resistance of the circuit, R = 6 Ω

The relation for current using Ohm's law is,

Potential drop across 1 Ω resistor = V1

From Ohm's law, the value of V1 can be obtained as

V1 = 2 × 1= 2 V … (i)

Potential drop across 2 Ω resistor = V2

Again, from Ohm's law, the value of V2 can be obtained as

V2 = 2 × 2= 4 V … (ii)

Potential drop across 3 Ω resistor = V3

Again, from Ohm's law, the value of V3 can be obtained as

V3 = 2 × 3= 6 V … (iii)

Therefore, the potential drop across 1 Ω, 2 Ω, and 3 Ω resistors are 2 V, 4 V, and 6 V respectively.

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