At Saralstudy, we are providing you with the solution of Class 12th physics Alternating Current according to the latest NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines prepared by expert teachers. Here we are trying to give you a detailed answer to the questions of the entire topic of this chapter so that you can get more marks in your examinations by preparing the answers based on this lesson. We are trying our best to give you detailed answers to all the questions of all the topics of Class 12th physics Alternating Current so that you can prepare for the exam according to your own pace and your speed.

The seventh chapter of NCERT class 12 Physics has only nine topics in all. You get detailed knowledge and understanding about alternating currents and its application in resistor, LCR series circuit, peak and RMS value of alternating voltage, reactance, impedance, LC oscillations, resonance and power in AC circuits, AC generator and transformer, watt-less current, etc. At the end of the chapter, you will find exercises for you to solve.

Download pdf of NCERT Solutions for Class physics Chapter 7 Alternating Current

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- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 x 10

^{-7}C and 3 x 10^{-7}C placed 30 cm apart in air? - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF (1pF = 10

^{-12}F). What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half, and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant 6? - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A 12 pF capacitor is connected to a 50V battery. How much electrostatic energy is stored in the capacitor?

- Q:-
A regular hexagon of side 10 cm has a charge 5 µC at each of its vertices. Calculate the potential at the centre of the hexagon.

- Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

^{3}N/C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere? - Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero.

- Q:-
Show that the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation is equal to the de Broglie wavelength of its quantum (photon).

- Q:-
(a) In a metre bridge [Fig. 3.27], the balance point is found to be at 39.5 cm from the end

*A*, when the resistor*Y*is of 12.5**Ω**. Determine the resistance of*X*. Why are the connections between resistors in a Wheatstone or meter bridge made of thick copper strips?(b) Determine the balance point of the bridge above if

*X*and*Y*are interchanged.(c) What happens if the galvanometer and cell are interchanged at the balance point of the bridge? Would the galvanometer show any current?

- Q:-
A 4 µF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply, and is connected to another uncharged 2 µF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy of the first capacitor is lost in the form of heat and electromagnetic radiation?

- Q:-
What is the magnitude of magnetic force per unit length on a wire carrying a current of 8 A and making an angle of 30º with the direction of a uniform magnetic field of 0.15 T?

- Q:-
A short bar magnet of magnetic moment 5.25 x 10

^{-2}J T^{-1}is placed with its axis perpendicular to the earth's field direction. At what distance from the centre of the magnet, the resultant field is inclined at 45º with earth's field on(a) its normal bisector and (b) its axis. Magnitude of the earth's field at the place is given to be 0.42 G. Ignore the length of the magnet in comparison to the distances involved.

- Q:-
**(a)**An electrostatic field line is a continuous curve. That is, a field line cannot have sudden breaks. Why not?**(b)**Explain why two field lines never cross each other at any point? - Q:-
Two large, thin metal plates are parallel and close to each other. On their inner faces, the plates have surface charge densities of opposite signs and of magnitude 17.0 × 10

^{−22}C/m^{2}. What is E:(a) in the outer region of the first plate,

(b) in the outer region of the second plate, and

(c) between the plates?

- Q:-
Which among the curves shown in Fig. 1.35 cannot possibly represent electrostatic field lines?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

- Q:-
A sample of paramagnetic salt contains 2.0 x 10

^{24}atomic dipoles each of dipole moment 1.5 x 10^{-23}J T^{-1}. The sample is placed under a homogeneous magnetic field of 0.64 T, and cooled to a temperature of 4.2 K. The degree of magnetic saturation achieved is equal to 15%. What is the total dipole moment of the sample for a magnetic field of 0.98 T and a temperature of 2.8 K? (Assume Curie's law) - Q:-
Two moving coil meters, M

_{1}and M_{2}have the following particulars:R

_{1}= 10 Ω, N_{1}= 30,A

_{1 }= 3.6 x 10^{-3}m2, B1 = 0.25 TR

_{2}= 14 Ω, N_{2}= 42,A

_{2}= 1.8 x 10-3 m2, B_{2}= 0.50 T(The spring constants are identical for the two meters).

Determine the ratio of (a) current sensitivity and (b) voltage sensitivity of M

_{2}and M_{1}.

- NCERT Chapter

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