
Q1 A rectangular wire loop of sides 8 cm and 2 cm with a small cut is moving out of a region of uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.3 T directed normal to the loop. What is the emf developed across the cut if the velocity of the loop is 1 cm s−1 in a direction normal to the (a) longer side, (b) shorter side of the loop? For how long does the induced voltage last in each case? Ans: Length of the rectangular wire, l = 8 cm = 0.08 m
Width of the rectangular wire, b = 2 cm = 0.02 m
Hence, area of the rectangular loop,
A = lb
= 0.08 × 0.02
= 16 × 10^{−4} m^{2}
Magnetic field strength, B = 0.3 T
Velocity of the loop, v = 1 cm/s = 0.01 m/s
(a) Emf developed in the loop is given as:
e = Blv
= 0.3 × 0.08 × 0.01 = 2.4 × 10^{−4} V
Time taken to travel along the width , t = Distance traveled / Velocity = b / v
= 0.02 / 0.01 = 2 sHence, the induced voltage is 2.4 × 10^{−4} V which lasts for 2 s.
(b) Emf developed, e = Bbv
= 0.3 × 0.02 × 0.01 = 0.6 × 10^{−4} V
Time taken to travel along the length, t = Distance traveled / Velocity = l / v= 0.08 / 0.01 = 8 sHence, the induced voltage is 0.6 × 10^{−4} V which lasts for 8 s.