At Saralstudy, we are providing you with the solution of Class 12th physics Electromagnetic Waves according to the latest NCERT (CBSE) Book guidelines prepared by expert teachers. Here we are trying to give you a detailed answer to the questions of the entire topic of this chapter so that you can get more marks in your examinations by preparing the answers based on this lesson. We are trying our best to give you detailed answers to all the questions of all the topics of Class 12th physics Electromagnetic Waves so that you can prepare for the exam according to your own pace and your speed.

This eighth chapter in Class 12 Physics is inclusive of three different topics. All of these three topics; displacement current, electromagnetic waves, and the electromagnetic spectrum are interrelated and based on the common concept of magnetism. The chapter comprises the different electromagnetic waves which include microwaves, x-rays, radio waves and also their usage in practical life, Maxwell’s Equation, the frequency of the different electromagnetic waves and their wavelengths, etc.

- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 x 10

^{-7}C and 3 x 10^{-7}C placed 30 cm apart in air? - Q:- ">
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF (1pF = 10

^{-12}F). What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half, and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant 6? - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

^{3}N/C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere? - Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero. - Q:- The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge − 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.
(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

">The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge − 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.

(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

- Q:-
Two point charges q

_{A}= 3 μC and q_{B}= −3 μC are located 20 cm apart in vacuum.(a) What is the electric field at the midpoint O of the line AB joining the two charges?

(b) If a negative test charge of magnitude 1.5 × 10

^{−9}C is placed at this point, what is the force experienced by the test charge?

- Q:-
A 4 µF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply, and is connected to another uncharged 2 µF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy of the first capacitor is lost in the form of heat and electromagnetic radiation?

- Q:- ">
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A charge of 8 mC is located at the origin. Calculate the work done in taking a small charge of -2 x 10

^{-9}C from a point P (0, 0, 3 cm) to a point Q (0, 4 cm, 0), via a point R (0, 6 cm, 9 cm). - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
Check that the ratio ke

^{2}/G m_{e}m_{p}is dimensionless. Look up a Table of Physical Constants and determine the value of this ratio. What does the ratio signify? - Q:-
A point charge of 2.0 μC is at the centre of a cubic Gaussian surface 9.0 cm on edge. What is the net electric flux through the surface?

- Q:- ">
Determine the current in each branch of the network shown in figure

- Q:- Two long and parallel straight wires A and B carrying currents of 8.0 A and 5.0 A in the same direction are separated by a distance of 4.0 cm. Estimate the force on a 10 cm section of wire A.">
Two long and parallel straight wires A and B carrying currents of 8.0 A and 5.0 A in the same direction are separated by a distance of 4.0 cm. Estimate the force on a 10 cm section of wire A.

- Q:-
A spherical conducting shell of inner radius r1 and outer radius r2 has a charge Q.

(a) A charge q is placed at the centre of the shell. What is the surface charge density on the inner and outer surfaces of the shell?

(b) Is the electric field inside a cavity (with no charge) zero, even if the shell is not spherical, but has any irregular shape? Explain.

- Q:- A hollow charged conductor has a tiny hole cut into its surface. Show that the σ/2ε
_{0}n̂ , where n̂ is the unit vector in the outward normal direction and σ is the surface charge density near the hole.">A hollow charged conductor has a tiny hole cut into its surface. Show that the σ/2ε

_{0}n̂ , where n̂ is the unit vector in the outward normal direction and σ is the surface charge density near the hole.

- NCERT Chapter

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