Question 21

In deriving the single slit diffraction pattern, it was stated that the intensity is zero at angles of nλ/a. Justify this by suitably dividing the slit to bring out the cancellation.


Consider that a single slit of width d is divided into n smaller slits.

Therefore, Width of each slit, d' = d/n

Angle of diffraction can be calculated by,

θ = d/d' λ /d = λ/d'

Now, each of these infinitesimally small slit sends zero intensity in direction θ. Hence, the combination of these slits will give zero intensity.

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