Question 3

A trolley, while going down an inclined plane, has an acceleration of 2 cm s^{-2}. What will be its velocity 3 s after the start?

Answer

Initial velocity of the trolley, *u* = 0

Acceleration, *a* = 2 cm s^{−2}

Time, *t* = 3 s

According to the first equation of motion:

*v* = *u* + *at*

Where, *v* is the velocity of the trolley after 3 s from start

*v* = 0 + 2 × 3 = 6 cm/s

Hence, the velocity of the trolley after 3 s from start is 6 cm/s.

- Q:-
Abdul, while driving to school, computes the average speed for his trip to be 20 km h

^{-1}. On his return trip along the same route, there is less traffic and the average speed is 40 km h^{-1}. What is the average speed for Abdul’s trip? - Q:-
An object of mass 40 kg is raised to a height of 5 m above the ground. What is its potential energy? If the object is allowed to fall, find its kinetic energy when it is half-way down.

- Q:-
A driver of a car travelling at 52 km h

^{-1}applies the brakes and accelerates uniformly in the opposite direction. The car stops in 5 s. Another driver going at 3 km h^{-1}in another car applies his brakes slowly and stops in 10 s. On the same graph paper, plot the speed versus time graphs for the two cars. Which of the two cars travelled farther after the brakes were applied? - Q:-
Fig 8.11 shows the distance-time graph of three objects A,B and C. Study the graph and answer the following questions:

*Fig. 8.11*(a) Which of the three is travelling the fastest?

(b) Are all three ever at the same point on the road?

(c) How far has C travelled when B passes A?

(d) How far has B travelled by the time it passes C? - Q:-
Two objects, each of mass 1.5 kg, are moving in the same straight line but in opposite directions. The velocity of each object is 2.5 m s

^{-1}before the collision during which they stick together. What will be the velocity of the combined object after collision? - Q:-
Soni says that the acceleration in an object could be zero even when several forces are acting on it. Do you agree with her? Why?

- Q:-
Two objects of masses 100 g and 200 g are moving along the same line and direction with velocities of 2 m s

^{-1}and 1 m s^{-1}, respectively. They collide and after the collision, the first object moves at a velocity of 1.67 m s^{-1}. Determine the velocity of the second object. - Q:-
How do poriferan animals differ from coelenterate animals?

- Q:-
The speed-time graph for a car is shown is Fig. 8.12.

*Fig. 8.12*(a) Find how far does the car travel in the first 4 seconds. Shade the area on the graph that represents the distance travelled by the car during the period.

(b) Which part of the graph represents uniform motion of the car? - Q:-
How are sol, solution and suspension different from each other?

- Q:-
An artificial satellite is moving in a circular orbit of radius 42250 km. Calculate its speed if it takes 24 hours to revolve around the earth.

- Q:-
If action is always equal to the reaction, explain how a horse can pull a cart.

- Q:-
The potential energy of a freely falling object decreases progressively. Does this violate the law of conservation of energy? Why?

- Q:-
How does the force of gravitation between two objects change when the distance between them is reduced to half ?

- Q:-
How does the cork act as a protective tissue?

- Q:-
How are sol, solution and suspension different from each other?

- Q:-
Calculate the force of gravitation between the earth and the Sun, given that the mass of the earth = 6 × 10

^{24}kg and of the Sun = 2 × 10^{30}kg. The average distance between the two is 1.5 × 10^{11}m. - Q:-
How are pteridophytes different from the phanerogams?

- Q:-
Convert into mole.

(a) 12 g of oxygen gas

(b) 20 g of water

(c) 22 g of carbon dioxide. - Q:-
Write an expression for the kinetic energy of an object.

- NCERT Chapter