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Question 1

An athlete completes one round of a circular track of diameter 200 m in 40 s. What will be the distance covered and the displacement at the end of 2 minutes 20 s?

Answer

Diameter of a circular track, d = 200 m

Radius of the track, r = d/2 = 100 m

Circumference = 2πr = 2π (100) = 200π m

In 40 s, the given athlete covers a distance of 200π m.

In 1 s, the given athlete covers a distance = 200π / 40 m

The athlete runs for 2 minutes 20 s = 140 s

∴Total distance covered in 140 s = 

                                                        

He takes 3 rounds in 40 × 3 = 120 s. Thus, after 120 s his displacement is zero.

Then, the net displacement of the athlete is in 20 s only. In this interval of time, he moves at the opposite end of the initial position. Since displacement is equal to the shortest distance between the initial and final position of the athlete, displacement of the athlete will be equal to the diameter of the circular track.

∴ Displacement of the athlete = 200 m

Distance covered by the athlete in 2 min 20 s is 2200 m and his displacement is 200 m.

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