Question 4

A difference of 2.3 eV separates two energy levels in an atom. What is the frequency of radiation emitted when the atom makes a transition from the upper level to the lower level?

Answer

Separation of two energy levels in an atom, E = 2.3 eV = 2.3 × 1.6 × 10 ^{−19} = 3.68 × 10^{ −19} J

Let ν be the frequency of radiation emitted when the atom transits from the upper level to the lower level.

We have the relation for energy as: *E = hv*

Where, h = Planck’s constant = 6.62 x 10^{-34} Js

∴ *V = E/h* = 3.68 x 10^{-19} / 6.62 x 10^{-32} = 5.55 x 10^{14} Hz

*Hence, the frequency of the radiation is 5.6 × 10 ^{14} Hz.*

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(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:- ">
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

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(b) What is the flux through the same square if the normal to its plane makes a 60° angle with the x-axis?

- Q:-
Two point charges q

_{A}= 3 μC and q_{B}= −3 μC are located 20 cm apart in vacuum.(a) What is the electric field at the midpoint O of the line AB joining the two charges?

(b) If a negative test charge of magnitude 1.5 × 10

^{−9}C is placed at this point, what is the force experienced by the test charge? - Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

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A uniformly charged conducting sphere of 2.4 m diameter has a surface charge density of 80.0 μC/m

^{2}.(a) Find the charge on the sphere.

(b) What is the total electric flux leaving the surface of the sphere?

- Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero. - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:- ">
Determine the current in each branch of the network shown in figure

- Q:-
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^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero. - Q:-
Three capacitors of capacitances 2 pF, 3 pF and 4 pF are connected in parallel.

(a) What is the total capacitance of the combination?

(b) Determine the charge on each capacitor if the combination is connected to a 100 V supply.

- Q:-
A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF (1pF = 10

^{-12}F). What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half, and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant 6? - Q:-
A charge of 8 mC is located at the origin. Calculate the work done in taking a small charge of -2 x 10

^{-9}C from a point P (0, 0, 3 cm) to a point Q (0, 4 cm, 0), via a point R (0, 6 cm, 9 cm). - Q:-
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^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
A 12 pF capacitor is connected to a 50V battery. How much electrostatic energy is stored in the capacitor?

- Q:- If one of the two electrons of a H
_{2}molecule is removed, we get a hydrogen molecular ion*H*. In the ground state of an_{2}^{+}*H*, the two protons are separated by roughly 1.5 Å, and the electron is roughly 1 Å, from each proton. Determine the potential energy of the system. Specify your choice of the zero of potential energy.">_{2}^{+}If one of the two electrons of a H

_{2}molecule is removed, we get a hydrogen molecular ion*H*. In the ground state of an_{2}^{+}*H*, the two protons are separated by roughly 1.5 Å, and the electron is roughly 1 Å, from each proton. Determine the potential energy of the system. Specify your choice of the zero of potential energy._{2}^{+} - Q:-
A battery of emf 10 V and internal resistance 3 Ω is connected to a resistor. If the current in the circuit is 0.5 A, what is the resistance of the resistor? What is the terminal voltage of the battery when the circuit is closed?

- Q:- The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge − 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.
(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

">The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge − 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.

(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

- NCERT Chapter

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