Question 19

(a) Alloys of metals usually have (greater/less) resistivity than that of their constituent metals.

(b) Alloys usually have much (lower/higher) temperature coefficients of resistance than pure metals.

(c) The resistivity of the alloy manganin is nearly independent of/increases rapidly with increase of temperature.

(d) The resistivity of a typical insulator (e.g., amber) is greater than that of a metal by a factor of the order of (10^{22}/10^{3}).

Answer

(a) Alloys of metals usually have greater resistivity than that of their constituent metals.

(b) Alloys usually have lower temperature coefficients of resistance than pure metals.

(c) The resistivity of the alloy, manganin, is nearly independent of increase of temperature.

(d) The resistivity of a typical insulator is greater than that of a metal by a factor of the order of 10^{22}.

- Q:-
What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 x 10

^{-7}C and 3 x 10^{-7}C placed 30 cm apart in air? - Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:- A circular coil of wire consisting of 100 turns, each of radius 8.0 cm carries a current of 0.40 A. What is the magnitude of the magnetic field B at the centre of the coil?
- Q:-
A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF (1pF = 10

^{-12}F). What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half, and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant 6? - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
A regular hexagon of side 10 cm has a charge 5 µC at each of its vertices. Calculate the potential at the centre of the hexagon.

- Q:-
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A point charge of 2.0 μC is at the centre of a cubic Gaussian surface 9.0 cm on edge. What is the net electric flux through the surface?

- Q:-
The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge − 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.

(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

- Q:-
Check that the ratio ke

^{2}/G m_{e}m_{p}is dimensionless. Look up a Table of Physical Constants and determine the value of this ratio. What does the ratio signify? - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
Consider a uniform electric field E = 3 × 10

^{3}îN/C.(a) What is the flux of this field through a square of 10 cm on a side whose plane is parallel to the yz plane?

(b) What is the flux through the same square if the normal to its plane makes a 60° angle with the x-axis?

- Q:-
A plane electromagnetic wave travels in vacuum along z-direction. What can you say about the directions of its electric and magnetic field vectors? If the frequency of the wave is 30 MHz, what is its wavelength?

- Q:-
(a) A circular coil of 30 turns and radius 8.0 cm carrying a current of 6.0 A is suspended vertically in a uniform horizontal magnetic field of magnitude 1.0 T. The field lines make an angle of 60º with the normal of the coil. Calculate the magnitude of the counter torque that must be applied to prevent the coil from turning.

(b) Would your answer change, if the circular coil in (a) were replaced by a planar coil of some irregular shape that encloses the same area? (All other particulars are also unaltered.)

- Q:-
Two moving coil meters, M

_{1}and M_{2}have the following particulars:R

_{1}= 10 Ω, N_{1}= 30,A

_{1 }= 3.6 x 10^{-3}m2, B1 = 0.25 TR

_{2}= 14 Ω, N_{2}= 42,A

_{2}= 1.8 x 10-3 m2, B_{2}= 0.50 T(The spring constants are identical for the two meters).

Determine the ratio of (a) current sensitivity and (b) voltage sensitivity of M

_{2}and M_{1}. - Q:-
A p-n photodiode is fabricated from a semiconductor with band gap of 2.8 eV. Can it detect a wavelength of 6000 nm?

- Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
Monochromatic light of wavelength 589 nm is incident from air on a water surface. What are the wavelength, frequency and speed of

(a) reflected, and

(b) refracted light? Refractive index of water is 1.33.

- NCERT Chapter