Question 18

A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

Answer

The square can be considered as one face of a cube of edge 10 cm with a centre where charge q is placed. According to Gauss’s theorem for a cube, total electric flux is through all its six faces.

Hence, electric flux through one face of the cube i.e., through the square,

Where, ∈0 = Permittivity of free space

= 8.854 × 10^{−12} N^{−1}C^{2} m^{−2} q = 10 μC = 10 × 10^{−6} C

∴

= 1.88 × 10^{5} N m^{2} C^{−1}

Therefore, electric flux through the square is 1.88 × 10^{5} N m^{2} C^{−1}.

- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 x 10

^{-7}C and 3 x 10^{-7}C placed 30 cm apart in air? - Q:-
A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF (1pF = 10

^{-12}F). What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half, and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant 6? - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

^{3}N/C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere? - Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero. - Q:-
A 12 pF capacitor is connected to a 50V battery. How much electrostatic energy is stored in the capacitor?

- Q:-
A regular hexagon of side 10 cm has a charge 5 µC at each of its vertices. Calculate the potential at the centre of the hexagon.

- Q:-
A uniformly charged conducting sphere of 2.4 m diameter has a surface charge density of 80.0 μC/m

^{2}.(a) Find the charge on the sphere.

(b) What is the total electric flux leaving the surface of the sphere?

- Q:-
In double-slit experiment using light of wavelength 600 nm, the angular width of a fringe formed on a distant screen is 0.1

^{o}. What is the spacing between the two slits? - Q:-
A closely wound solenoid 80 cm long has 5 layers of windings of 400 turns each. The diameter of the solenoid is 1.8 cm. If the current carried is 8.0 A, estimate the magnitude of B inside the solenoid near its centre.

- Q:-
A galvanometer coil has a resistance of 12 Ω and the metre shows full scale deflection for a current of 3 mA. How will you convert the metre into a voltmeter of range 0 to 18 V?

- Q:-
(a) Show that the normal component of electrostatic field has a discontinuity from one side of a charged surface to another given by

Where is a unit vector normal to the surface at a point and σ is the surface charge density at that point. (The direction of is from side 1 to side 2.) Hence show that just outside a conductor, the electric field is σ

(b) Show that the tangential component of electrostatic field is continuous from one side of a charged surface to another.

[Hint: For (a), use Gauss's law. For, (b) use the fact that work done by electrostatic field on a closed loop is zero.]

- Q:-
A regular hexagon of side 10 cm has a charge 5 µC at each of its vertices. Calculate the potential at the centre of the hexagon.

- Q:-
Suppose the spheres A and B in Exercise 1.12 have identical sizes. A third sphere of the same size but uncharged is brought in contact with the first, then brought in contact with the second, and finally removed from both. What is the new force of repulsion between A and B?

- Q:-
A uniformly charged conducting sphere of 2.4 m diameter has a surface charge density of 80.0 μC/m

^{2}.(a) Find the charge on the sphere.

(b) What is the total electric flux leaving the surface of the sphere?

- Q:-
Two point charges q

_{A}= 3 μC and q_{B}= −3 μC are located 20 cm apart in vacuum.(a) What is the electric field at the midpoint O of the line AB joining the two charges?

(b) If a negative test charge of magnitude 1.5 × 10

^{−9}C is placed at this point, what is the force experienced by the test charge? - Q:-
An electric dipole with dipole moment 4 × 10

^{−9}C m is aligned at 30° with the direction of a uniform electric field of magnitude 5 × 10^{4}N C^{−1}. Calculate the magnitude of the torque acting on the dipole. - Q:-
Three capacitors each of capacitance 9 pF are connected in series.

(a) What is the total capacitance of the combination?

(b) What is the potential difference across each capacitor if the combination is connected to a 120 V supply?

Anamika
2019-11-24 15:34:39

Thnq ð

Pratisha
2019-06-18 22:30:02

Can we solve this without using Gauss law?? ( By using EdScos0 alone)

Arvendra dhakar
2018-12-25 07:29:22

Thanks a lot

Shivangi srivastava
2018-07-01 12:04:54

Thanks

Miracle
2017-06-16 13:41:37

Two charges q1= 10uc and q2= -12uc are within a spherical surface of radius 10cm. What is the total flux through the surface ?

Harsh
2017-04-22 13:09:50

Nice

Student
2017-04-16 11:13:19

Thanks a lot

- NCERT Chapter

Copyright © 2020 saralstudy.com. All Rights Reserved.