Question 13

Suppose the spheres A and B in Exercise 1.12 have identical sizes. A third sphere of the same size but uncharged is brought in contact with the first, then brought in contact with the second, and finally removed from both. What is the new force of repulsion between A and B?

Answer

Distance between the spheres, A and B, r = 0.5 m

Initially, the charge on each sphere, q = 6.5 × 10 ^{−7} C

When sphere A is touched with an uncharged sphere C, q/2 amount of charge from A will transfer to sphere C. Hence, charge on each of the spheres, A and C, is q/2.

When sphere C with charge q/2 is brought in contact with sphere B with charge q, total charges on the system will divide into two equal halves given as,

1/2 (q + q/2) = 3q/4

Hence, charge on each of the spheres, C and B, is 3q/4.

Force of repulsion between sphere A having charge q/2 and sphere B having 3q/4 charge is

Therefore, the force of attraction between the two spheres is 5.703 × 10^{ −3} N.

- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 x 10

^{-7}C and 3 x 10^{-7}C placed 30 cm apart in air? - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:-
A parallel plate capacitor with air between the plates has a capacitance of 8 pF (1pF = 10

^{-12}F). What will be the capacitance if the distance between the plates is reduced by half, and the space between them is filled with a substance of dielectric constant 6? - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A 12 pF capacitor is connected to a 50V battery. How much electrostatic energy is stored in the capacitor?

- Q:-
A regular hexagon of side 10 cm has a charge 5 µC at each of its vertices. Calculate the potential at the centre of the hexagon.

- Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

^{3}N/C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere? - Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero.

- Q:-
The earth's surface has a negative surface charge density of 10

^{-9}C m^{-2}. The potential difference of 400 kV between the top of the atmosphere and the surface results (due to the low conductivity of the lower atmosphere) in a current of only 1800 A over the entire globe. If there were no mechanism of sustaining atmospheric electric field, how much time (roughly) would be required to neutralise the earth's surface? (This never happens in practice because there is a mechanism to replenish electric charges, namely the continual thunderstorms and lightning in different parts of the globe). (Radius of earth = 6.37 x 10^{6}m.) - Q:-
The work function for a certain metal is 4.2 eV. Will this metal give photoelectric emission for incident radiation of wavelength 330 nm?

- Q:-
A circular coil of 20 turns and radius 10 cm is placed in a uniform magnetic field of 0.10 T normal to the plane of the coil. If the current in the coil is 5.0 A, what is the

(a) total torque on the coil,

(b) total force on the coil,

(c) average force on each electron in the coil due to the magnetic field?

(The coil is made of copper wire of cross-sectional area 10

^{-5}m^{2}, and the free electron density in copper is given to be about 10^{29}m^{-3}.) - Q:- A 100 Ω resistor is connected to a 220 V, 50 Hz ac supply.

(a) What is the rms value of current in the circuit?

(b) What is the net power consumed over a full cycle? - Q:-
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
A toroid has a core (non-ferromagnetic) of inner radius 25 cm and outer radius 26 cm, around which 3500 turns of a wire are wound. If the current in the wire is 11 A, what is the magnetic field (a) outside the toroid, (b) inside the core of the toroid, and (c) in the empty space surrounded by the toroid.

- Q:-
A bar magnet of magnetic moment 1.5 J T

^{-1 }lies aligned with the direction of a uniform magnetic field of 0.22 T.(a) What is the amount of work required by an external torque to turn the magnet so as to align its magnetic moment: (i) normal to the field direction, (ii) opposite to the field direction?

(b) What is the torque on the magnet in cases (i) and (ii)?

- Q:-
If the solenoid in Exercise 5.5 is free to turn about the vertical direction and a uniform horizontal magnetic field of 0.25 T is applied, what is the magnitude of torque on the solenoid when its axis makes an angle of 30° with the direction of applied field?

- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
A point charge of 2.0 μC is at the centre of a cubic Gaussian surface 9.0 cm on edge. What is the net electric flux through the surface?

Tanu
2019-12-13 09:57:43

Is question me distance to nhi given h....

Swati
2019-07-06 06:43:30

Thanks

Shree
2019-06-20 19:33:29

Sorry this write

Shree
2019-06-20 19:27:23

This is wrong

Anant Dhillon
2019-04-14 22:37:21

This answer is well defined. Thanks for it.

Sohail
2018-10-31 19:32:16

Sorry this is write

Sohail
2018-10-31 19:30:58

This is wrong

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