Question 13

Suppose the spheres A and B in Exercise 1.12 have identical sizes. A third sphere of the same size but uncharged is brought in contact with the first, then brought in contact with the second, and finally removed from both. What is the new force of repulsion between A and B?

Answer

Distance between the spheres, A and B, r = 0.5 m

Initially, the charge on each sphere, q = 6.5 × 10 ^{−7} C

When sphere A is touched with an uncharged sphere C, q/2 amount of charge from A will transfer to sphere C. Hence, charge on each of the spheres, A and C, is q/2.

When sphere C with charge q/2 is brought in contact with sphere B with charge q, total charges on the system will divide into two equal halves given as,

1/2 (q + q/2) = 3q/4

Hence, charge on each of the spheres, C and B, is 3q/4.

Force of repulsion between sphere A having charge q/2 and sphere B having 3q/4 charge is

Therefore, the force of attraction between the two spheres is 5.703 × 10^{ −3} N.

- Q:-
An infinite line charge produces a field of 9 × 10

^{4}N/C at a distance of 2 cm. Calculate the linear charge density. - Q:-
A polythene piece rubbed with wool is found to have a negative charge of 3 × 10

^{−7}C.(a) Estimate the number of electrons transferred (from which to which?)

(b) Is there a transfer of mass from wool to polythene?

- Q:- ">
A point charge +10 μC is a distance 5 cm directly above the centre of a square of side 10 cm, as shown in Fig. 1.34. What is the magnitude of the electric flux through the square? (Hint: Think of the square as one face of a cube with edge 10 cm.)

- Q:-
What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 x 10

^{-7}C and 3 x 10^{-7}C placed 30 cm apart in air? - Q:-
Consider a uniform electric field E = 3 × 10

^{3}îN/C.(a) What is the flux of this field through a square of 10 cm on a side whose plane is parallel to the yz plane?

(b) What is the flux through the same square if the normal to its plane makes a 60° angle with the x-axis?

- Q:-
Two point charges q

_{A}= 3 μC and q_{B}= −3 μC are located 20 cm apart in vacuum.(a) What is the electric field at the midpoint O of the line AB joining the two charges?

(b) If a negative test charge of magnitude 1.5 × 10

^{−9}C is placed at this point, what is the force experienced by the test charge? - Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

^{3}N/C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere? - Q:-
A uniformly charged conducting sphere of 2.4 m diameter has a surface charge density of 80.0 μC/m

^{2}.(a) Find the charge on the sphere.

(b) What is the total electric flux leaving the surface of the sphere?

- Q:-
Two charges 5 x 10

^{-8}C and -3 x 10^{-8}C are located 16 cm apart. At what point(s) on the line joining the two charges is the electric potential zero? Take the potential at infinity to be zero. - Q:-
A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 600 pF capacitor. How much electrostatic energy is lost in the process?

- Q:-
A conducting sphere of radius 10 cm has an unknown charge. If the electric field 20 cm from the centre of the sphere is 1.5 × 10

^{3}N/C and points radially inward, what is the net charge on the sphere? - Q:- The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge − 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.
(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

">The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge − 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.

(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

- Q:-
A point charge of 2.0 μC is at the centre of a cubic Gaussian surface 9.0 cm on edge. What is the net electric flux through the surface?

- Q:-
An electric dipole with dipole moment 4 × 10

^{−9}C m is aligned at 30° with the direction of a uniform electric field of magnitude 5 × 10^{4}N C^{−1}. Calculate the magnitude of the torque acting on the dipole. - Q:-
A 12 pF capacitor is connected to a 50V battery. How much electrostatic energy is stored in the capacitor?

- Q:- An electron emitted by a heated cathode and accelerated through a potential difference of 2.0 kV, enters a region with uniform magnetic field of 0.15 T. Determine the trajectory of the electron if the field (a) is transverse to its initial velocity, (b) makes an angle of 30º with the initial velocity.">
An electron emitted by a heated cathode and accelerated through a potential difference of 2.0 kV, enters a region with uniform magnetic field of 0.15 T. Determine the trajectory of the electron if the field (a) is transverse to its initial velocity, (b) makes an angle of 30º with the initial velocity.

- Q:- A uniform magnetic field of 1.5 T exists in a cylindrical region of radius10.0 cm, its direction parallel to the axis along east to west. A wire carrying current of 7.0 A in the north to south direction passes through this region. What is the magnitude and direction of the force on the wire if,
(a) the wire intersects the axis,

(b) the wire is turned from N-S to northeast-northwest direction,

(c) the wire in the N-S direction is lowered from the axis by a distance of 6.0 cm?

">A uniform magnetic field of 1.5 T exists in a cylindrical region of radius10.0 cm, its direction parallel to the axis along east to west. A wire carrying current of 7.0 A in the north to south direction passes through this region. What is the magnitude and direction of the force on the wire if,

(a) the wire intersects the axis,

(b) the wire is turned from N-S to northeast-northwest direction,

(c) the wire in the N-S direction is lowered from the axis by a distance of 6.0 cm?

- Q:- (a) Explain the meaning of the statement electric charge of a body is quantised.

(b) Why can one ignore quantisation of electric charge when dealing with macroscopic i.e., large scale charges? - Q:-
A plane electromagnetic wave travels in vacuum along z-direction. What can you say about the directions of its electric and magnetic field vectors? If the frequency of the wave is 30 MHz, what is its wavelength?

- Q:- The wavelength of light from the spectral emission line of sodium is 589 nm. Find the kinetic energy at which
(a) an electron, and

(b) a neutron, would have the same de Broglie wavelength.

">The wavelength of light from the spectral emission line of sodium is 589 nm. Find the kinetic energy at which

(a) an electron, and

(b) a neutron, would have the same de Broglie wavelength.

Tanu
2019-12-13 09:57:43

Is question me distance to nhi given h....

Swati
2019-07-06 06:43:30

Thanks

Shree
2019-06-20 19:33:29

Sorry this write

Shree
2019-06-20 19:27:23

This is wrong

Anant Dhillon
2019-04-14 22:37:21

This answer is well defined. Thanks for it.

Sohail
2018-10-31 19:32:16

Sorry this is write

Sohail
2018-10-31 19:30:58

This is wrong

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