Question 6

Show that *f* : [–1, 1] → R, given by is one-one. Find the inverse of the function *f* : [–1, 1] → Range *f*.

**(Hint: For y ∈ Range f, y =, for some x in [ - 1, 1], i.e.,)**

Answer

*f*: [ - 1, 1] → R is given as

Let *f*(*x*) = *f*(*y*).

∴ *f* is a one-one function.

It is clear that *f*: [ - 1, 1] → Range *f* is onto.

∴ *f*: [ - 1, 1]→ Range *f* is one-one and onto and therefore, the inverse of the function:

*f*: [ - 1, 1] → Range *f* exists.

Let *g*: Range *f* → [ - 1, 1] be the inverse of *f*.

Let *y* be an arbitrary element of range *f*.

Since *f*: [ - 1, 1] → Range *f* is onto, we have:

Now, let us define *g*: Range *f* → [ - 1, 1] as

∴*g*o*f* =I_{[-1, 1]}and *f*o*g* = I_{Range f}

∴ *f* - 1 = *g*

⇒

- Q:- Given an example of a relation. Which is

(i) Symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.

(ii) Transitive but neither reflexive nor symmetric.

(iii) Reflexive and symmetric but not transitive.

(iv) Reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

(v) Symmetric and transitive but not reflexive. - Q:- Determine whether each of the following relations are reflexive, symmetric and transitive:

(i) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3,13, 14} defined as

R = {(x, y): 3x − y = 0}

(ii) Relation R in the set N of natural numbers defined as

R = {(x, y): y = x + 5 and x < 4}

(iii) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(x, y): y is divisible by x}

(iv) Relation R in the set Z of all integers defined as

R = {(x, y): x − y is as integer}

(v) Relation R in the set A of human beings in a town at a particular time given by

(a) R = {(x, y): x and y work at the same place}

(b) R = {(x, y): x and y live in the same locality}

(c) R = {(x, y): x is exactly 7 cm taller than y}

(d) R = {(x, y): x is wife of y}

(e) R = {(x, y): x is father of y} - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set {1, 2, 3} given by R = {(1, 2), (2, 1)} is symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.
- Q:- Show that the relation R in the set R of real numbers, defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b
^{2}} is neither reflexive nor symmetric nor transitive. - Q:-
In each of the following cases, state whether the function is one-one, onto or bijective. Justify your answer.

(i)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 3 – 4x(ii)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 1 + x^{2 } - Q:- Let L be the set of all lines in XY plane and R be the relation in L defined as R = {(L1, L2): L1 is parallel to L2}. Show that R is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all lines related to the line y = 2x + 4.
- Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:- Check whether the relation R defined in the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(a, b): b = a + 1} is reflexive, symmetric or transitive. - Q:-
Prove that the Greatest Integer Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = [x], is neither one-one nor onto, where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. - Q:- Show that each of the relation R in the set A = { x ∈Z: 0≤x≤12}, A={x} given by

(i) R = { (a,b) : |a - b| is a multiple of 4}

(ii) R = {(a,b):a = b} is an equivalence relation.

Find the set of all elements related to 1 in each case.

- Q:-
In each of the following cases, state whether the function is one-one, onto or bijective. Justify your answer.

(i)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 3 – 4x(ii)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 1 + x^{2 } - Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:-
The radius of an air bubble is increasing at the rate of 1/2 cm/s. At what rate is the volume of the bubble increasing when the radius is 1 cm?

- Q:- Evaluate the determinants

(i) \(\begin{vmatrix}3 & -1 & -2\\0 & 1 & 2\\0 & 0 & 4\end{vmatrix}\) (iii) \(\begin{vmatrix}3 & -4 & 5\\1 & 1 & -2\\2 & 3 & 1\end{vmatrix}\)

(ii) \(\begin{vmatrix}0 & 1 & 2\\-1 & 0 & -3\\-2 & 3 & 0\end{vmatrix}\)(iv) \(\begin{vmatrix}2 & -1 & -2\\0 & 2 & -1\\3 & -5 & 0\end{vmatrix}\) - Q:-
y = x

^{2}+ 2x + C**:**y^{'}- 2x - 2 = 0 - Q:- If a matrix has 18 elements, what are the possible orders it can have? What, if it has 5 elements?
- Q:-
Prove that the Greatest Integer Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = [x], is neither one-one nor onto, where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. - Q:-
Classify the following measures as scalars and vectors.

(i) 10 kg (ii) 2 metres north-west (iii) 40°

(iv) 40 watt (v) 10

^{–19}coulomb (vi) 20 m/s^{2} - Q:- Check whether the relation R defined in the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(a, b): b = a + 1} is reflexive, symmetric or transitive. - Q:-
Let

*f*: R → R be defined as f(x) = 3x. Choose the correct answer.(A)

*f*is one-one onto(B)

*f*is many-one onto(C)

*f*is one-one but not onto(D)

*f*is neither one-one nor onto.

VIDIT
2019-05-03 14:20:46

WHERE IS THE RANGE OF THE FUNCTION

- NCERT Chapter

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