Question 4

# Show that the relation R in R defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b}, is reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

Answer

R = {(*a*, *b*); *a* ≤ *b*}

Clearly (*a*, *a*) ∈ R as *a *= *a*.

∴R is reflexive.

Now,

(2, 4) ∈ R (as 2 < 4)

But, (4, 2) ∉ R as 4 is greater than 2.

∴ R is not symmetric.

Now, let (*a*, *b*), (*b*, *c*) ∈ R.

Then,

*a* ≤ *b* and *b* ≤ *c*

⇒ *a* ≤ *c*

⇒ (*a*, *c*) ∈ R

∴R is transitive.

Hence,R is reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

- Q:- Given an example of a relation. Which is

(i) Symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.

(ii) Transitive but neither reflexive nor symmetric.

(iii) Reflexive and symmetric but not transitive.

(iv) Reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

(v) Symmetric and transitive but not reflexive. - Q:- Determine whether each of the following relations are reflexive, symmetric and transitive:

(i) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3,13, 14} defined as

R = {(x, y): 3x − y = 0}

(ii) Relation R in the set N of natural numbers defined as

R = {(x, y): y = x + 5 and x < 4}

(iii) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(x, y): y is divisible by x}

(iv) Relation R in the set Z of all integers defined as

R = {(x, y): x − y is as integer}

(v) Relation R in the set A of human beings in a town at a particular time given by

(a) R = {(x, y): x and y work at the same place}

(b) R = {(x, y): x and y live in the same locality}

(c) R = {(x, y): x is exactly 7 cm taller than y}

(d) R = {(x, y): x is wife of y}

(e) R = {(x, y): x is father of y} - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set {1, 2, 3} given by R = {(1, 2), (2, 1)} is symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.
- Q:- Check whether the relation R defined in the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(a, b): b = a + 1} is reflexive, symmetric or transitive. - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set R of real numbers, defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b
^{2}} is neither reflexive nor symmetric nor transitive. - Q:-
In each of the following cases, state whether the function is one-one, onto or bijective. Justify your answer.

(i)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 3 – 4x(ii)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 1 + x^{2 } - Q:- Let L be the set of all lines in XY plane and R be the relation in L defined as R = {(L1, L2): L1 is parallel to L2}. Show that R is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all lines related to the line y = 2x + 4.
- Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:-
Prove that the Greatest Integer Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = [x], is neither one-one nor onto, where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. - Q:-
Let

*f*: R → R be defined as f(x) = 3x. Choose the correct answer.(A)

*f*is one-one onto(B)

*f*is many-one onto(C)

*f*is one-one but not onto(D)

*f*is neither one-one nor onto.

- Q:-
The radius of an air bubble is increasing at the rate of 1/2 cm/s. At what rate is the volume of the bubble increasing when the radius is 1 cm?

- Q:- Show that the relation R in the set R of real numbers, defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b
^{2}} is neither reflexive nor symmetric nor transitive. - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set {1, 2, 3} given by R = {(1, 2), (2, 1)} is symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.
- Q:-
Maximise Z = 3

*x*+ 4*y*Subject to the constraints:

*x*+*y*≤ 4,*x*≥ 0,*y*≥ 0 - Q:- \begin{align} \int\left(2x - 3Cosx + e^x\right).dx\end{align}
- Q:- Let R be the relation in the set {1, 2, 3, 4} given by R = {(1, 2), (2, 2), (1, 1), (4, 4), (1, 3), (3, 3), (3, 2)}. Choose the correct answer.

(A) R is reflexive and symmetric but not transitive.

(B) R is reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

(C) R is symmetric and transitive but not reflexive.

(D) R is an equivalence relation. - Q:-
Let f : R → R be defined as f(x) = x

^{4}. Choose the correct answer.(A)

*f*is one-one onto(B)

*f*is many-one onto(C)

*f*is one-one but not onto(D)

*f*is neither one-one nor onto. - Q:- The volume of a cube is increasing at the rate of 8 cm3/s. How fast is the surface area increasing when the length of an edge is 12 cm?
- Q:- Find the rate of change of the area of a circle with respect to its radius r when

(a) r = 3 cm

(b) r = 4 cm - Q:-
The order of the differential equation

\begin{align}2x^2\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}\;- \;3\frac{dy}{dx}\;+ y=\;0\end{align}

is

**(A)**2**(B)**1**(C)**0**(D)**not defined

- NCERT Chapter