Question 11

A particle moves along the curve 6y = x^{3} + 2. Find the points on the curve at which the *y*-coordinate is changing 8 times as fast as the *x*-coordinate.

Answer

The equation of the curve is given as:

6y = x^{3} + 2

The rate of change of the position of the particle with respect to time (*t)* is given by,

\begin{align}6\frac{dy}{dt} = 3x^2\frac{dx}{dt}+0\end{align}

\begin{align}\Rightarrow 2\frac{dy}{dt} = x^2\frac{dx}{dt}\end{align}

When the *y*-coordinate of the particle changes 8 times as fast as the

\begin{align}x-coordinate\; i.e.,\left(\frac{dy}{dt} = 8\frac{dx}{dt}\right), we \;have:\end{align}

\begin{align}2\left(8.\frac{dx}{dt}\right) = x^2.\frac{dx}{dt}\end{align}

\begin{align}\Rightarrow 16.\frac{dx}{dt} = x^2.\frac{dx}{dt}\end{align}

\begin{align}\Rightarrow (x^2 - 16).\frac{dx}{dt} =0 \end{align}

\begin{align}\Rightarrow x^2=16 \end{align}

\begin{align}\Rightarrow x=\pm 4 \end{align}

\begin{align}When\; x = 4, y = \frac{4^3 + 2}{6}=\frac{66}{6}=11\end{align}

\begin{align}When\; x = -4, y = \frac{(-4)^3 + 2}{6}=\frac{-62}{6}=\frac{-31}{3}\end{align}

Hence, the points required on the curve are

\begin{align} (4,11)\; and \;(-4,\frac{-31}{3}).\end{align}

- Q:- Given an example of a relation. Which is

(i) Symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.

(ii) Transitive but neither reflexive nor symmetric.

(iii) Reflexive and symmetric but not transitive.

(iv) Reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

(v) Symmetric and transitive but not reflexive. - Q:- Determine whether each of the following relations are reflexive, symmetric and transitive:

(i) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3,13, 14} defined as

R = {(x, y): 3x − y = 0}

(ii) Relation R in the set N of natural numbers defined as

R = {(x, y): y = x + 5 and x < 4}

(iii) Relation R in the set A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(x, y): y is divisible by x}

(iv) Relation R in the set Z of all integers defined as

R = {(x, y): x − y is as integer}

(v) Relation R in the set A of human beings in a town at a particular time given by

(a) R = {(x, y): x and y work at the same place}

(b) R = {(x, y): x and y live in the same locality}

(c) R = {(x, y): x is exactly 7 cm taller than y}

(d) R = {(x, y): x is wife of y}

(e) R = {(x, y): x is father of y} - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set {1, 2, 3} given by R = {(1, 2), (2, 1)} is symmetric but neither reflexive nor transitive.
- Q:- Check whether the relation R defined in the set {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} as

R = {(a, b): b = a + 1} is reflexive, symmetric or transitive. - Q:- Show that the relation R in the set R of real numbers, defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b
^{2}} is neither reflexive nor symmetric nor transitive. - Q:-
In each of the following cases, state whether the function is one-one, onto or bijective. Justify your answer.

(i)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 3 – 4x(ii)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 1 + x^{2 } - Q:- Let L be the set of all lines in XY plane and R be the relation in L defined as R = {(L1, L2): L1 is parallel to L2}. Show that R is an equivalence relation. Find the set of all lines related to the line y = 2x + 4.
- Q:-
Show that the Modulus Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = |x|, is neither oneone nor onto, where | x | is x, if x is positive or 0 and |x| is – x, if x is negative. - Q:-
Prove that the Greatest Integer Function

*f*: R → R, given by f(x) = [x], is neither one-one nor onto, where [x] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to x. - Q:- Show that the relation R in R defined as R = {(a, b): a ≤ b}, is reflexive and transitive but not symmetric.

- Q:- Evaluate the determinants

(i) \(\begin{vmatrix}3 & -1 & -2\\0 & 1 & 2\\0 & 0 & 4\end{vmatrix}\) (iii) \(\begin{vmatrix}3 & -4 & 5\\1 & 1 & -2\\2 & 3 & 1\end{vmatrix}\)

(ii) \(\begin{vmatrix}0 & 1 & 2\\-1 & 0 & -3\\-2 & 3 & 0\end{vmatrix}\)(iv) \(\begin{vmatrix}2 & -1 & -2\\0 & 2 & -1\\3 & -5 & 0\end{vmatrix}\) - Q:- Find the principal value of \begin{align} cos^{-1}\left(-\frac{1}{\sqrt2}\right)\end{align}
- Q:-
Consider

*f*: R → R given by*f(x)*= 4x + 3. Show that*f*is invertible. Find the inverse of*f*. - Q:- If a matrix has 24 elements, what are the possible order it can have? What, if it has 13 elements?
- Q:- Integrals (ax + b)
^{2} - Q:-
The degree of the differential equation

\begin{align}\left(\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}\right)^3\;+ \left(\frac{dy}{dx}\right)^2+\;sin\left(\frac{dy}{dx}\right)\;+ 1=\;0\end{align}

is

**(A)**3**(B)**2**(C)**1**(D)**not defined - Q:-
In each of the following cases, state whether the function is one-one, onto or bijective. Justify your answer.

(i)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 3 – 4x(ii)

*f*:**R → R**defined by*f(x)*= 1 + x^{2 } - Q:-
A balloon, which always remains spherical, has a variable diameter

\begin{align} \frac{3}{2}(2x+1)\end{align}

Find the rate of change of its volume with respect to

*x*. - Q:-
Show that the function

*f*: R_{*}→ R_{*}defined by*f(x)*= 1/x is one-one and onto,where R_{*}is the set of all non-zero real numbers. Is the result true, if the domain R_{*}is replaced by N with co-domain being same as R_{* }? - Q:-
Check the injectivity and surjectivity of the following functions:

(i)

*f*:**N → N**given by*f(x*) = x^{2}(ii)

*f*:**Z → Z**given by*f(x)*= x^{2}(iii)

*f*:**R → R**given by*f(x)*= x^{2}(iv)

*f*:**N → N**given by*f(x)*= x^{3}(v)

*f*:**Z → Z**given by*f(x)*= x^{3 }

- NCERT Chapter